World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


A tee-ball player swings at a ball resting on the tee.

Tee-ball (also teeball, tee ball or t-ball) is a team sport based on and simplifying baseball and softball. It is intended as an introduction for children aged 4 to 8 to develop ball-game skills and have fun.

The principal difference between tee-ball and its adult counterparts is that the child usually hits the ball off of a stationary tee; the ball is generally not pitched. Thus, tee-ball allows a young child to learn the skills of batting, catching, running the bases, and throwing, while making it both easier to hit the ball and less likely for batters to be injured since they do not need to dodge wayward pitches (the ball is also softer).

Despite the implication of some of the spellings of the game's name, the tee used in tee-ball is not T-shaped, but simply an upright, flexible shaft on a movable base. The capitalized, spaced-apart name "Tee Ball" is a registered trademark in the US, by a church-affiliated Florida league, as is the abbreviated "T-Ball" (stylized "T•BALL" in logos), by a national, non-profit, secular league.


  • Description 1
  • Equipment specifications 2
  • History 3
  • T-Ball USA Association 4
  • References 5


Tee-ball associations generally allow children between the ages of four and seven to play in their leagues.[1] A tee-ball coach sets the team lineup and fielding positions in the team's scorebook. The positions that get the most action in tee-ball are pitcher and first base, followed by the rest of the infield positions. In some leagues, catcher is also a special position due to the added gear that is worn; in other leagues, there is no catcher. In tee-ball, the pitcher is usually used for defensive purposes only, though gently pitched balls may be used with older or more advanced players in place of the fixed tee. The ball is placed on an adjustable tee atop the home plate at a suitable height for the batter to strike. (In some clubs, adult coaches give the batter an opportunity to try and hit a few pitched balls before going to the tee in the hope that this will further develop batting skills.)[2] Most of the other rules are similar or identical to those of baseball,though the game is played on a smaller field, typically one used for Little League or other youth baseball.[2] In addition, for the youngest tee-ball players, runs and outs are often not recorded, and every player gets to bat each inning.[1]

A young catcher crouches behind the tee.
Example tee-ball roster sign that is displayed so the fans can cheer the kids by name.

Many parents assist during the game by coaching players in the dugout, in the field, on the bases, and at the plate. They often also perform the task of umpiring.

Equipment specifications

Bats: 25 to 26 " long, 2.25 " diameter, maximum weight 17 to 20 oz.[2]

Balls: typically appear identical to baseballs, but slightly softer to reduce injuries: 9 to 9.5 " around, 4 to 5 oz weight, with a molded core or sponge rubber center.[2]

Footwear: Athletic footwear such as running shoes.[2]

Gloves: 12 " long maximum.[2]

Safety helmets: Mandatory at all times.[2]

Tee: Height-adjustible, flexible tube, with a movable base.[2]


The game's origins date back to at least the 1950s, with several people claiming to be the father of the game, and it appears to have been independently invented in several places. Starkville, Mississippi claims to have independently created tee-ball in their town in 1961. According to the Starkville Rotary Club's website: "In 1961, when it was apparent that younger children needed some way to participate in the program, Rotarians Dr. Clyde Muse and W. W. Littlejohn devised the game of t-ball and added it to the summer baseball program."[4]

A "Tee Ball" trademark was registered in the early 1970s with the [6]

Hobbs credited the United States Navy with spreading the game overseas.

It is estimated that 2.2 million children play tee-ball.[7]

In the "White House.[8]

T-Ball USA Association

A non-profit

  1. ^ a b "Different Coaching for Different Ages". Ultimate Youth Baseball. Ultimate Youth Baseball. Retrieved 1 August 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h McIntosh, Ned; Cropper, Rich (2013). Tee Ball A Little League Baseball guide. Little League Baseball. p. 19. Retrieved 1 August 2015. 
  3. ^ "T-Ball Invented in Albion", Frank Passic, Morning Star, April 28, 2002, pg. 5
  4. ^ "A Look at the Starkville Rotary Club Through the Years". Starkville Rotary Club. 
  5. ^ Hobbs, a 1959 graduate of  
  6. ^ "Tee Ball Baseball Organization Rules". Milton, Florida: Gospel Projects, Inc. 2001. Archived from the original on October 25, 2009. 
  7. ^ Office of the Press Secretary (June 26, 2005). "White House South Lawn Tee Ball". The White House. Retrieved July 31, 2015. 
  8. ^
  9. ^ a b c d e "Welcome - T-BALL Home". Op. cit. 2014. 
  10. ^ "Rules". West Palm Beach, Florida, US: T-Ball USA Association. 2014. 
  11. ^ "Field of Play". Op. cit. 2014. 


[9] Their stylized "T•BALL USA" logo "identifies the projects and programs created to support the national tee ball constituency and marks licensed and approved products, corporate sponsorships and appropriate alliances."[9]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.