World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Telugus

 

Telugus

Telugu people
తెలుగు ప్రజలు
Template:Image array
Total population
c. 80 million [1]
Regions with significant populations
 India 85 million
 United States 750,000
 Europe 100,000
 Malaysia 500,000
 Singapore 100,000
 South Africa 60,000
 Australia 100,000
 Gulf countries 500,000
Languages
Telugu
Religion
Hinduism · Christianity · Buddhism · Jainism
Related ethnic groups

Brahui · Gondi · Kalinga · Kannadiga

 · Tamil · Dravidian People

Template:Culture of Andhra Pradesh The Telugu people or Telugu Prajalu are a Dravidian ethnic group of India. The majority of them reside in the state of Andhra Pradesh. There are also a significant number of Telugu native speakers in the neighbouring states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Odisha.[2] They speak the Telugu language, the most spoken South Indian (Dravidian) language, and the second most spoken language in India after Hindi.

History

Antiquity

The Sanskrit epics mention the Andhra Kingdom at the time of the death of the great Mauryan King Ashoka in 232 BC. This date has been considered to be the beginning of the Andhra historical record. Various dynasties have ruled the area, including the Satavahanas, Sakas, Ikshvakus, Eastern Chalukyas, The Bobbili (Velama), the Vijayanagara Kingdom, the Qutb Shahis of Golconda, and the Nizams (princes) of Hyderābād.[3]

The term Kalinga has been historically relevant to this region, incorporating north-east Andhra Pradesh and modern day Odisha. Andhras and Kalingas supported the Kauravas during the Mahabharata war. Sahadeva defeated the kingdoms of Pandya, Dravida, Odra, Chera, Andhra Pradesh, and Kalinga while performing the Rajasuya yajna. Chanoora was killed by Krishna in Mathura. Hari Vamsa Purana corroborates the fact that Chanoora was the king of Karoosa Desa (to the North of the Vindhyas and on the North Bank of the Yamuna river) and was an Andhra. Buddhist references to Andhras are also found.[4]

Satavahanas (శాతవాహనులు)

The first great Andhra empire was that of the Satavahanas,[5] who came to power when the last Kanva emperor Sisuman, was assassinated by his prime minister Sipraca, of the Andhra tribe. They reigned for 450 years and the last was Puliman or Puloma the pious, who after conquering India put an end to his life by drowning himself in the holy waters of the Ganges river, after the example of his grandfather. Because of this king, India was called Poulomeun-koue, the country of Puliman by the Chinese. While in the west the inhabitants of the Gangetic provinces were denominated Andhra Hindus. The Satavahana rulers are said to have been held in the highest veneration all over India; and their fame was extended to the Malay Archipelago, the Maharajas of India being a favorite subject of Malayan poetry.[6]

Andhra, Karnataka and Maharastra states observe the same new year day. This calendar reckons dates based on the Shalivahana era (Shalivahana Saka), which begins its count from the supposed date of the founding of the Empire by the legendary hero Shalivahana. The Satavahana king Shalivahana (also identified as Gautamiputra Satakarni) is credited with the initiation of this era known as Shalivahana. The Salivahana era begins its count of years from the year corresponding to 78 AD of the Gregorian calendar. Thus, the year 2000 AD corresponds to the year 1922 of the Salivahana Era.

Language

Main article: Telugu language

Telugu is a South-Central Dravidian language primarily spoken in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India, where it is an official language. Early inscriptions date from 620 AD and literary texts from the 11th century, written in a Telugu script adapted from the Bhattiprolu script of the early inscriptions.

Culture

Literature

Main article: Telugu literature

Arts

Kuchipudi is a famous Classical Indian dance from Andhra Pradesh, India.

Clothing

  • Male
  1. Uttareeyam or Pai Pancha (Angavastram or veil)
  2. Pancha (Dhoti)
  3. Jubba (Kurta) The top portion
  4. Lungi (Casual or Worker dress)
  • Women
  1. Cheera (Sari)
  • Girls
  1. Langa Oni (Half sari)
  2. Parikini ]

Festivals

Important festivals celebrated by Telugu people

Telugu Cuisine

Main article: Telugu cuisine

The cuisine of Andhra Pradesh is reputedly the spiciest of all Indian cuisine.

See also

References

External links

  • Translations of Telugu fiction and articles
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.