World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ten Tigers of Canton

Article Id: WHEBN0000930106
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ten Tigers of Canton  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Chinese martial arts, Hak Fu Mun, Leung Kwan, List of lei tai fighters, Chinese folklore
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Ten Tigers of Canton

Ten Tigers of Canton
Traditional Chinese 廣東十虎
Simplified Chinese 广东十虎

The Ten Tigers of Canton or Ten Tigers of Guangdong[1] refer to a group of ten Chinese martial artists from Guangdong (Canton), China who lived in the late Qing Dynasty (1644–1912). They were said to be the best fighters in southern China at the time. Much of their existence has been embellished by folk legends and stories passed down from generation to generation.

Ten Tigers' martial arts

The Ten Tigers of Canton traced their martial arts lineage to the Southern Shaolin Monastery in the Jiulian Mountains in Fujian. Southern Shaolin is a branch of the better known Shaolin Monastery on Mount Song, Henan. As such, the Ten Tigers' martial arts styles resemble those of Shaolin Kung Fu.

The Ten Tigers are:

Name Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Pinyin Jyutping Nickname / Other names Martial arts specialties
Wong Yan-lam 王隱林 王隐林 Wáng Yǐnlín Wong4 Jan2-lam4 Lama Style (喇嘛派)[2]
Wong Ching-hoh 黃澄可 黄澄可 Huáng Chéngkě Wong4 Cing4-ho2 [2]
So Hak-fu 蘇黑虎 苏黑虎 Sū Hēihǔ Sou1 Hak1-fu2
Wong Kei-ying 黃麒英 黄麒英 Huáng Qíyīng Wong4 Kei4-jing1
Lai Yan-chiu 黎仁超 黎仁超 Lí Rénchāo Lai4 Jan4-ciu1 Hakka Fist (客家拳)[2]
So Chan 蘇燦 苏灿 Sū Càn Sou1 Can3 "So Hat-yee" (simplified Chinese: 苏乞儿; traditional Chinese: 蘇乞兒; pinyin: Sū Qǐ'er; Jyutping: Sou1 Hat1-ji4; literally: "Beggar So")
Leung Kwan 梁坤 梁坤 Liáng Kūn Loeng4 Kwan1 "Tit Kiu Sam" (simplified Chinese: 铁桥三; traditional Chinese: 鐵橋三; pinyin: Tiě Qiáo Sān; Jyutping: Tit3 Kiu4 Saam1; literally: "Iron Bridge Three") Iron Wire Fist (鐵線拳)[2]
Chan Cheung-tai 陳長泰 陈长泰 Chén Chángtài Can4 Coeng4-taai3 "Tit Ji Chan" (simplified Chinese: 铁指陈; traditional Chinese: 鐵指陳; pinyin: Tiě Zhǐ Chén; Jyutping: Tit3 Zi2 Can2; literally: "Iron Finger Chan") [2]
Taam Chai-kwan 譚濟筠 谭济筠 Tán Jìjūn Taam4 Zai3-gwan1 Tam Ga (譚家)[2]
Chow Tai 鄒泰 邹泰 Zōu Tài Zau1 Taai3

Wong Fei-hung and the Ten Tigers

Wong Fei-hung, son of Wong Kei-ying, is also sometimes called the "Tiger after the Ten Tigers". In Chinese folk legend, Wong Fei-hung is best remembered for his heroic efforts in upholding the Chinese people's pride and dignity during a period when national morale was low, in the face of strong competition and oppression from foreigners.

Cultural references

Film

The Ten Tigers appeared in the 1980 Hong Kong film Ten Tigers from Kwangtung[3] produced by the Shaw Brothers Studio. It featured a star-studded cast of Shaw Studio actors, including the Venom Mob, Ti Lung and Alexander Fu.

Apart from appearances in Chinese films, the Ten Tigers were also featured in the 2004 film Around the World in 80 Days, with Sammo Hung making a special appearance as Wong Fei-hung. Wong and the Ten Tigers assisted the protagonists in fighting the aggressive Black Scorpion gang.

The Ten Tigers were also featured in the 2006 underground cult film Mad Cowgirl.

Television

In 1999, Hong Kong's ATV produced a 40-episodes TV drama series titled Ten Tigers of Guangdong (英雄之廣東十虎).

Literature

In The Eleventh Tiger, a BBC Books original novel by David A. McIntee, the Ten Tigers are featured, with Wong Kei-ying and Wong Fei-hung as major characters in the story.

References

  1. ^ Kim, Sun-Jin. Tuttle Dictionary of the Martial Arts of Korea, China & Japan. [1996] (1996). Tuttle publishing. Korea. ISBN 0-8048-2016-3.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g 王春芙, 王春英, 陳朝華, Southern Metropolitan daily Guangzhou publications (南方都市報廣州專刊副). Guangdong's past & present. (廣東的前世今生). Using for name verifications. Originally in simplified characters. Published by 花城出版社. Digitized Aug 7, 2007 University of Michigan.
  3. ^ shi hu xing yi wu xi
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.