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Thimmamma Marrimanu

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Title: Thimmamma Marrimanu  
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Subject: The Great Banyan, Tourism in India, Index of Andhra Pradesh-related articles
Collection: Individual Banyan Trees, Individual Trees in India, Trees of India
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Thimmamma Marrimanu

Thimmamma Marrimanu
Photograph of Thimmamma Marrimanu
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
Division: Magnoliophyta
(unranked): Eudicots
Class: Magnoliopsida
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Moraceae
Genus: Ficus
Subgenus: Urostigma

Many species, including:

Thimmamma Marrimanu is the name of a Banyan tree – marri means banyan and manu means tree in Telugu – in Anantapuramu district, located about 25 km from town Kadiri in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India.[1][2] It has branches spreads over 2.5 acres, with a canopy of 19,107 square metres and recorded as the biggest tree in the Guinness Book of World Records in 1989.[3][4][5] A small temple dedicated to Thimmamma lies under the tree. An account of this lady in Telugu kept at the shrine reveals that she was the daughter of a Setti Balija couple Sennakka Venkatappa and Mangamma, born in AD 1394. She was married to a Bala Veerayya who died in 1434, and Thimmamma committed Sati. The banyan tree is believed to have sprouted at the place where she ascended the funeral pyre.[6] The people of this area strongly believe that if a childless couple worship 'Thimmamma' they will have a child the very next year. A big jatara is conducted here on the day of Shivaratri festival when thousands of people flock here to worship 'Thimmamma' on this occasion.[7]


The tree was named after a righteous lady Thimmamma, who served her ailing husband devotedly. It was named 'Thimmamma' in memory of that lady.[8] She later sacrificed herself on her husband's pyre. It is believed that the pole in north-east direction of pyre grew into this tree.

This big tree was first noticed and was explored to the world by Sri Regret Iyer (Sathyanarayana Iyer), freelance journalist & photographer from Bangalore, Karnataka, India. Later he made all efforts to see this large tree canopy enter the Guinness Book of World Records. His name has been included in the Book of World Records in this regard.

See also


  1. ^ C. Sudhakar; R. Suguna Kumari (2008). Women and forestry. The Associated Publishers.  
  2. ^ Lavanya Vemsani (31 October 2006). Hindu and Jain mythology of Balarāma: change and continuity in an early Indian cult. Edwin Mellen Press.  
  3. ^ Peter Matthews; Michelle Dunkley McCarthy; Mark (CON) Young (October 1993). The Guinness Book of Records 1994. Facts on File.  
  4. ^ India today. Living Media India Pvt. Ltd. 1992. p. 53. Retrieved 5 June 2012. 
  5. ^ SAYEED, VIKHAR AHMED. "Arboreal wonder".  
  6. ^ "Thimmamma Marri Maanu". 
  7. ^ Various. Tourist Guide to Andhra Pradesh. Sura Books. pp. 44–.  
  8. ^ Various (2005). Tourist Guide to South India. Sura Books. pp. 295–.  
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