World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Thomas Coke (bishop)

Article Id: WHEBN0007614784
Reproduction Date:

Title: Thomas Coke (bishop)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: History of Methodism in the United States, United Methodist Church, Methodism, Bishop, Barratt's Chapel
Collection: 1747 Births, 1814 Deaths, 18Th-Century Methodist Bishops, 18Th-Century Welsh Anglican Priests, 19Th-Century Methodist Bishops, Alumni of Jesus College, Oxford, American Methodist Episcopal Bishops, Bishops of the Methodist Episcopal Church, British Abolitionists, British Letter Writers, Burials at Sea, Christian Missionaries in the Caribbean, Christian Missionaries in the United States, Christianity in London, Christianity in Oxford, Church of England Clergy, Converts to Methodism, Converts to Protestantism from Anglicanism, Former Anglicans, History of Methodism in the United States, Mayors of Places in Wales, Methodism in the Caribbean, Methodist Theologians, Methodist Writers, People Educated at Brecon Grammar School, People from Brecon, People Who Died at Sea, Presidents of the Methodist Conference, Welsh Christian Leaders, Welsh Expatriates in the United States, Welsh Theologians
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Thomas Coke (bishop)

Bishop Coke.

Thomas Coke (9 September 1747 – 2 May 1814) was the first Methodist Bishop[1] and is known as the Father of Methodist Missions.

Born in Brecon, South Wales, his father, Barthomolew, was a well-to-do apothecary. Coke, who was only 5 foot and 1 inch tall and prone to being overweight, read Jurisprudence at Jesus College, Oxford, which has a strong Welsh tradition, graduating Bachelor of Arts, then Master of Arts in 1770, and Doctor of Civil Law in 1775. On returning to Brecon he served as Mayor in 1772.


  • Ordination 1
  • Meeting with John Wesley 2
  • Early plans for Methodist missions 3
  • Voyage to America 4
  • Other voyages 5
  • Death of Wesley 6
  • More voyages 7
  • Marriages 8
  • Death of Coke 9
  • Publications 10
  • Sources 11
  • See also 12
  • References 13


In the same year as his mayoralty he was ordained in the Church of England and served a curacy at South Petherton in Somerset. He had already allied himself with the Methodist movement and this made for trouble when a new Rector arrived in the parish. Coke had begun to hold cottage services and open services of the sort promoted by Wesley. He was dismissed from his post on Easter Sunday 1777 and his parishioners celebrated at the Rector's behest by ringing the church bells and opening a hogshead of cider. He returned to Petherton in 1807 and preached to a crowd of 2,000.

Meeting with John Wesley

He met John Wesley in August 1776, becoming one of his closest assistants. Wesley called Coke "the flea" because he seemed always to be hopping around on his missions.

He was appointed Superintendent of the London District in 1780 and President of the Methodist Church in Ireland in 1782 - a function he was to serve many times in the coming decades.

Early plans for Methodist missions

In January 1784, Thomas Parker, “a barrister and able local preacher from York”, joined Coke in issuing a “Plan of the Society for the Establishment of Missions among the Heathens” (Coke 2013:48; Vickers 2013:133-135)

  • Vickers, John A. (2013) Thomas Coke: Apostle of Methodism. Wipf and Stock Publishers.

Voyage to America

Following the Francis Xavier (Jesuit missionary to India) and David Brainerd (Puritan missionary to North American aboriginals), and a treatise on episcopacy. A conference of Methodist preachers was held at Baltimore, starting on Christmas Day 1784, at which Coke and Francis Asbury were elected superintendents, and the Church was constituted as an independent body under the name of the Methodist Episcopal Church. On 27 December Coke ordained deacons and presbyters and consecrated Asbury as Superintendent; Coke and Asbury are regarded as having been jointly the first Superintendents of the Methodist Church in America (the American Methodist Conference formally endorsed the title of Bishop in 1787).

Other voyages

Coke returned to England in June 1785 and made eight further visits to America, his final visit being in 1803. While in America he spoke out against slavery and wrote a letter on the subject to United States Congress. After spending some months travelling throughout Great Britain and Ireland Coke made his first mission to the West Indies in 1786, making further visits in 1788-89, 1790, and 1792-93.

Death of Wesley

Following Wesley's death in 1791 Coke became Secretary to the British Conference, having been widely supposed to be Wesley's desired successor. He was President of the Conference in 1797 and 1805, on both occasions trying to persuade the Conference to confer on him the official title of Bishop.

More voyages

In the same year he went to Paris and preached in French. He established a mission in Gibraltar in 1803 and then spent five years travelling in the cause of Methodist missions, including visiting Sierra Leone. He promoted others in setting up missions in Canada and Scotland.


On 1 April 1805, at the age of 58, Coke married Penelope Goulding Smith, a wealthy woman who happily spent her personal fortune furthering the missions. She travelled with him until her death on 25 January 1811. That same year in December he married for a second time, to Anne Loxdale, and his wife died the following year, 5 December 1812.[2]

Death of Coke

He hoped to open Methodist missions in the East Indies and at his own expense he set sail for Ceylon on 30 December 1813. He had in fact tried to persuade the Prime Minister, Lord Liverpool, to appoint him to an Indian bishopric in the Church of England (the appointment of Church of England bishops being then, as now, a prerogative exercised by the Prime Minister on behalf of the Sovereign). However, Coke died after four months at sea on the way to Ceylon (Sri Lanka).[3] It is thought he died of a "fit of apoplexy," or possibly a stroke. He died aboard ship, located 2 degrees, 29 minutes south latitude, and 59 degrees, 29 minutes longitude east of London, England, in the Indian Ocean, where he was also laid to rest.

Asbury described Coke as "a gentleman, a scholar, a bishop to us; and as a minister of Christ, in zeal, in labours, in services, the greatest man in the last century."


Coke's publications included a Commentary of the Bible [4](1807), A History of the West Indies (3 volumes, 1808–11), History of the Bible, Six Letters in Defence of the Doctrine of Justification by Faith, Four Discourses on the Duties of a Minister, and a Preacher's Manual, as well as, jointly with collaborators including Henry Moore, a Life of Wesley (1792).


  • General Commission on Archives and History for The United Methodist Church
  • The John Rylands Library: Mr Wesley's Preachers
  • 1911 Encyclopedia
  • The Life of the Rev. Thomas Coke, LL. D Samuel Drew 1817
  • Southwestern University chapel windows

See also


  1. ^ 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, entry "Thomas Coke"
  2. ^ "Adventures of Asbury" by Eric Jennings, The Historical Trail 1997: Yearbook of Conference Historical Society and Commission on Archives and History, Southern New Jersey Conference, The United Methodist Church (issue 34, 1997), p. 31 footnote 43
  3. ^ "Thomas Coke". The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Columbia University Press. 2007. 
  4. ^
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.