World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Tichit

Tichit
Commune and village
Tichit is located in Mauritania
Tichit
Location in Mauritania
Coordinates:
Country Mauritania
Region Tagant
Official name Ancient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt and Oualata
Type Cultural
Criteria iii, iv, v
Designated 1996 (20th session)
Reference no. 750
State Party  Mauritania
Region Arab States

Tichit (or Tichitt) (Arabic: تيشيت‎) is a partly abandoned village at the foot of the Tagant Plateau in central southern Mauritania that is known for its vernacular architecture. The main agriculture in Tichit is date farming, and the village is also home to a small museum.

Tichitt Airport has two unpaved runways designated in a barren area 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) southeast of the village.

Contents

  • Archaeological significance 1
  • Climate 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4
  • Further reading 5
  • External links 6

Archaeological significance

This region includes a long sandstone cliff formation that defines the northern limit of the Hodh depression, near the former lake of Aoukar.[1]

The medieval trading settlement at Tichit is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The Neolithic site of Dhar Tichitt in this area was settled by agropastoral communities around 2000 BC.[2] Their settlements were generally situated on the cliffs and included stone building. These are the oldest surviving archaeological settlements in West Africa and the oldest of all stone base settlements south of the Sahara. They are thought to have been built by the Soninke people and were possibly the precursor of the Ghana empire.[3][4][5] The area was abandoned around 500 BC probably because of the onset of more arid conditions. Hundreds of rock art images have been discovered, depicting various animals and hunting scenes.[6] Archaeologists including P.J. Munson, Augustin F.C. Holl, and S. Amblard have found some evidence that millet was farmed seasonally as early as 2000 BC.

Climate

Climate data for Tichit
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.8
(85.6)
32.9
(91.2)
37.5
(99.5)
40.4
(104.7)
42.5
(108.5)
42.0
(107.6)
38.6
(101.5)
35.8
(96.4)
37.5
(99.5)
38.7
(101.7)
35.3
(95.5)
31.6
(88.9)
36.88
(98.38)
Average low °C (°F) 16.2
(61.2)
19.2
(66.6)
23.8
(74.8)
26.9
(80.4)
29.9
(85.8)
30.5
(86.9)
28.2
(82.8)
26.6
(79.9)
27.0
(80.6)
27.0
(80.6)
22.2
(72)
18.1
(64.6)
24.63
(76.35)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0
(0)
1
(0.04)
0
(0)
1
(0.04)
1
(0.04)
6
(0.24)
15
(0.59)
32
(1.26)
19
(0.75)
3
(0.12)
1
(0.04)
0
(0)
79
(3.12)
Source #1: http://www.storm247.com/weather/110676228/climate (temperature)
Source #2: http://www.levoyageur.net/weather-city-TICHITT.html (precipitation)

Notes

  1. ^ Tichit - The living ghost of yesterday's glory
  2. ^ Holl 2009.
  3. ^ Munson 1980.
  4. ^ Fage, J.D (1976), The Cambridge history of Africa, Volume 5, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 338, 339,  .
  5. ^ Coquery-Vidrovitch, Catherine (2005), The History of African Cities South of the Sahara, Princeton: Markus Wiener, pp. 42, 43,  .
  6. ^ Holl 2002.

References

  • Holl, Augustin F.C. (2002), "Time, Space, and Image Making: Rock Art from the Dhar Tichitt (Mauritania)", Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 19: 75–118,  .
  • Holl, Augustin F.C. (2009), "Coping with uncertainty: Neolithic life in the Dhar Tichitt-Walata, Mauritania, (ca. 4000–2300 BP)" (PDF), Comptes Rendus Geoscience 341: 703–712,  .
  • Munson, Patrick J. (1980), "Archaeology and the prehistoric origins of the Ghana Empire", Journal of African History 21: 457–466,  .

Further reading

  • Holl, Augustin (1985), "Subsistence patterns of the Neolithic, Mauritania", African Archaeological Review 3: 151–162,  .
  • Holl, Augustin F.C. (1998), "Livestock husbandry, pastoralisms, and Territoriality: The West African record", Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 17: 143–165,  .
  • MacDonald, Kevin; Vernet, Robert; Fuller, Dorian; Woodhouse, James (2003), "New light on the Tichitt tradition: A preliminary report on survey and excavation at Dhar Nema" (PDF), Oxford University School of Archaeology Monograph 57: 73–80 .

External links

  • Map showing Tichit: Fond Typographique 1:200,000, République Islamique de Mauritanie Sheet NE-29-XV 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.