World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Timeline of Middle Eastern history

Article Id: WHEBN0001422050
Reproduction Date:

Title: Timeline of Middle Eastern history  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Middle East, History of the Middle East, Middle Eastern cuisine, Regional timelines, Population statistics for Israeli Gaza Strip settlements
Collection: History of the Middle East, Regional Timelines
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Timeline of Middle Eastern history

This timeline tries to compile dates of important historical events that happened in or that led to the rise of the Middle East. The Middle East is the territory that comprises today's Egypt, the Persian Gulf states, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Cyprus and Northern Cyprus, Jordan, Lebanon, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, the State of Palestine, Gaza Strip, and Yemen. The Middle East with its particular characteristics was not to emerge until late second millennium AD. To refer to a concept similar that of today's Middle East but earlier in time, the term Ancient Near East is used.

This list is intended as a timeline of the history of the Middle East. For more detailed information, see articles on the histories of individual countries. See Ancient Near East for ancient history of the Middle East.


  • Neolithic period 1
    • 8th millennium BCE 1.1
    • 7th millennium BCE 1.2
    • 6th millennium BCE 1.3
    • 5th millennium BCE 1.4
  • Ancient Near East 2
    • 4th millennium BCE 2.1
    • 3rd millennium BCE 2.2
    • 2nd millennium BCE 2.3
    • Early Iron Age 2.4
      • Inventions, Discoveries, Introductions 2.4.1
    • See also 2.5
  • Classical Antiquity 3
    • Late Ages 3.1
      • Rise of Islam 3.1.1
      • Crusaders and Ayubuds 3.1.2
      • The Ottoman era 3.1.3
    • Contemporary Middle East 3.2
  • See also 4

Neolithic period

8th millennium BCE

7th millennium BCE

6th millennium BCE

  • 5509, September 1 BCE : "day of creation of the world" according to the Byzantine Empire and the beginning of their calendar.
  • 5403 BCE : "Date of the Descending of Adam & Eve to earth" (according to the extended Genesis Genealogy).

5th millennium BCE

Ancient Near East

4th millennium BCE

Overview map of the Ancient Near East

(see also Sumer: Ur, Uruk, Kish, Susa)

3rd millennium BCE

2nd millennium BCE

techniques in Anatolia or the Caucasus.

Early Iron Age

The Oriental Empires about 600 BCE

Inventions, Discoveries, Introductions

(see also: Roman Republic, David, Cyrus the Great, Darius the Great, Parthian Empire, Homer, Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar, Lydia, Median Empire, Chaldean Empire)

See also

Classical Antiquity

Late Ages

Rise of Islam

"The Eighth Progressive Map - Arabic Acendency; showing (a,)The Arabic Empire in its greatest extent. (b,) The world at the beginning of the eighth century (Christianity on the point of being crushed by the Moslems.). (c,)The four Christian empires (Byzantine, Longobardian, Merovingian, and Anglo-Saxon.)."
The map shows the extension of the Caliphate under Al-Walid I, who reigned from 705 to 715

Crusaders and Ayubuds

(The dominance of the Arabs came to a sudden end in the mid-11th century with the arrival of the Seljuk Turks)

(see also: Seljuk Turks, Crusades, Mongols)

The Ottoman era

Ottoman Empire, 1481–1683

(main article: History of the Ottoman Empire)

  • 1798 - Napoleon Bonaparte leads a campaign in Egypt and Syria.
  • 1869 - Construction of the Suez Canal is completed.
  • 1882 - British troops occupy Cairo - Egypt becomes British protectorate.

Contemporary Middle East

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.