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Timeline of Sasanian Empire

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Timeline of Sasanian Empire

The Sassanid Empire or Sassanian Dynasty is the name used for the Persian dynasty which lasted from 224 to 651 AD.

Coin of Ardashir I.
  • 224 - Ardashir I introduces the name of Šāhanšāh (king of kings); the Sasanid reign is founded.
  • c. 224-240 – Zoroastrianism belief experiences an era of recovery under Ardashir I kingdom.
  • 230 - Sassanian army assaults the Roman-controlled fraction of Upper Mesopotamia and lay hands on Nisibis, however is not capable to catch it.
  • 237-238 - Ardashir I begins another rushes on the Eastern Roman Provinces and occupies Harran and Nisibis.
  • 241 - Coronation of Shapur I.
  • c. 242-273 - Mani makes a journey in Persia.
  • 252-256 - Shapur I moves forward to the Eastern Roman Provinces.
  • c. 259 - Failure and detention of Valerian by Shapur I.
  • c. 260 - 2nd foray of the Eastern Roman Provinces by Shapur I.
  • c. 261 - Odaenathus, the ruler of Palmyra, stops the triumphant Persian troops coming back home following the looting of Antioch, scores a notable conquest against Shapur I and drives the Persians back across the Euphrates.
  • 271 - Coronation of Hormizd I.
  • 273 - Coronation of Bahram I.
  • 274 or 277 - The death penalty of Mani by influential Zoroastrian high priest Kartir.
  • 276 - Coronation of Bahram II.
  • 276 - The Kartir is chosen as extreme power of the Zoroastrian place of worship and victimizes the supporters of other believes; his engravings at Ka'ba-ye Zartosht, Naqsh-e Rajab, and Sar Mashad (south of Kazerun) declare to prove his principles.
  • 283 - Roman Emperor Carus seizes Mesopotamia and catches Ctesiphon, but his troops comes back his unexpected passing.
  • 286 - Tiridates takes the Armenian throne and the Persians are discharged from there.
  • 293 - Narseh overwhelms his competitors and triumphs to the Persian throne.
  • c. 294 - Narseh’s Paikuli inscription in Iraq next to the Persian frontier.
  • 296 - Narseh raids Armenia, expels Tiridates, and quells the Romans.
  • 297- Roman Emperor Galerius undoes Narseh. The Treaty of Nisibis compels Narseh to abandon Armenia and Mesopotamia.
  • c. 301 - Realm of Armenia is the primitive power to accept Christianity as the kingdom creed.
  • 302 - Resignation of Narseh; Coronation of Hormizd II.
  • 309 - Coronation of Shapur II.
  • 325 - Shapur II falls upon Arab people and makes impregnable the empire’s frontiers.
  • 338 - Shapur II retrieves the five regions gave in by Narseh to Rome.
  • 348 - Shapur II seizes Mesopotamia.
  • c. 360 - Fondation of the Kidarite kingdom.
  • 363 - War between Julian and Persian troops follows his back off and demise; the surrendered territories and Nisibis are brought back to Persia.
  • 376 - The armistice signed by Rome and Persia.
  • 379 - Death of Shapur II and the accession of Ardashir II.
  • 383 - Coronation of Shapur III.
  • 399 - Coronation of Yazdegerd I, titled “the Sinner” owing to his efforts to control the influence of Zoroastrian clergy and his leniency towards other believes.
  • 409 - Christian are allowed to publicly worship and to construct churches.[1]
  • 420 - Coronation of Bahram V (Bahram Gūr).
  • 421 - Peace between Persia and Rome comes to an end.
  • 422 - Bahram V triumphs in driving off an assault by the Hephtalites.
  • c. 425 - Bahram V brings in gypsies from India to amuse people according to the Shahnameh.
  • 428 - Dissolution of Arsacid dynasty of Armenia.
  • 438 - Coronation of Yazdegerd II.
  • 457 - Coronation of Hormizd III.
  • 459 - Coronation of Peroz I.
  • 484 - Hephthalite Empire conquer Peroz I.
  • 484 - Coronation of Balash.
  • 488 - Coronation of Kavadh I; expedition against Khazars.
  • c. 490 - Mazdak teaches his ideology, egalitarian idea; he has the benefit of Kavadh I’s help.
  • c. 490 - Initiation of agrarian and tax reforms.
  • 496 - Kavadh I is dethroned by his brother Djamasp.
  • 499 - Return of Kavadh I with support of Hephtalites.
  • 524 - War between Byzantine Empire and Sassanid Empire.
  • 526 - Romans assault Persia, Armenia, and Mesopotamia, however they are beaten.
  • 531 - Coronation of Khosrow I.
  • c. 531 - Slaughter and crackdown of the Mazdak's followers.
  • c. 531 - Farming, governmental, military, communal reforms.
  • c. 531 - Conversion of Panchatantra, a Sanskrit-written book-story to Middle Persian.
  • 533 - End of conflict between Persia and Byzantine Empire.
  • c. 554 - Procopius, Byzantine expert and observer to the battles between Khosrow I and Justinian I, which he writes in his De bello Persico (Latin tr., 1833), dies.


  1. ^ 409 - Christian are permitted to publicly worship and to build churches
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