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Universities in Finland

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Title: Universities in Finland  
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Universities in Finland

Institutions of higher education are designated universities by Finnish legislation, most importantly, the University Act (Yliopistolaki/Universitetslag, 558/2009).[1] According to the decree on the System of the degrees of higher education (Asetus korkeakoulututkintojen järjestelmästä/Förordning om högskolornas examenssystem, 464/1998), only these universities have the right to confer the degrees in the categories alempi korkeakoulututkinto/lägre högskoleexamen (Bachelor's degree) and ylempi korkeakoulututkinto/högre högskoleexamen (Master's degree) and doctoral degrees.[2]

In addition to the universities, Finland has another, separate system of tertiary education, the ammattikorkeakoulu/yrkeshögskola, which is variously translated as polytechnic or as a University of Applied Sciences. These institutions are listed in the article List of polytechnics in Finland. The polytechnics have the right to confer degrees in categories ammattikorkeakoulututkinto/yrkeshögskoleexamen and ylempi ammattikorkeakoulututkinto/högre yrkeshögskoleexamen. In international usage, these degrees are classified as Bachelor's and Master's degrees.[3]


Multidisciplinary universities

The Finnish universities are (sorted by the year of establishment):

Specialised universities

In Finland, there are also some institutions of higher education that have full university status, but which specialise in certain academic fields:

Unlike the other schools in this list, the National Defence University is not considered a university by Finnish law, although it has the authority to award bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees and to pursue free research, and its rector is a member of the Council of Finnish University rectors.[4] The practical effect of this distinction is minor, and most notable in the administrative organisation of the university, which is military instead of civilian.

See also


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