World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0002932731
Reproduction Date:

Title: Urumi  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Indian martial arts, Kalaripayattu, Gatka, Rickshawkaran, Silambam
Collection: Blade Weapons, Indian Swords, South Asian Swords, Weapons of India
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Gatka exponent giving an urumi demonstration
Type Sword
Place of origin South Asia
Length approx. 121.92–167.64 cm (48–66 in)

The urumi (Malayalam: ഉറുമി urumi; Sinhalese: එතුණු කඩුව ethunu kaduwa; Hindi: aara; Tamil: சுருள் பட்டாக்கத்தி surul pattai, lit. curling blade) is a sword with a flexible whip-like blade from South Asia. Originating in what are now southern India and Sri Lanka, it is thought to have existed as far back as the Maurya dynasty. It is considered one of the most difficult weapons to master due to the risk of injuring oneself. It is treated as a steel whip,[1] and therefore requires prior knowledge of that weapon. For this reason, the urumi is always taught last in South Asian martial arts.

The word urumi is of north Keralan origin. In the state's southern region it is more commonly called a chuttuval, from the words for coiling or spinning (chuttu) and sword (vaal).[1] Alternative Tamil names for the weapon are surul val (curling sword) and surul katti (curling knife).


  • Anatomy 1
  • Use 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4


The urumi hilt is constructed from iron or brass and is identical to that of the talwar, complete with a crossguard and frequently a slender knucklebow. The typical handle is termed a "disc hilt" from the prominent disc-shaped flange surrounding the pommel. The pommel often has a short decorative spike-like protrusion projecting from its centre. The blade is fashioned from flexible edged steel measuring three-quarters to one inch in width. Ideally it should be the same as the wielder's armspan, usually between 4 feet to 5.5 feet. Multiple blades are often attached to a single handle. The Sri Lankan variation can have up to 32 blades and is typically dual-wielded, with one in each hand.[2]


The urumi is handled like a flail arm but requires less strength since the blade combined with centrifugal force is sufficient to inflict injury. As with other "soft" weapons, urumi-wielders learn to follow and control the momentum of the blade with each swing, thus techniques include spins and agile maneuvres.[1] These long-reaching spins make the weapon particularly well-suited to fighting against multiple opponents. When not in use, the urumi is worn coiled around the waist like a belt, with the handle at the wearer's side like a conventional sword.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d Saravanan, T. (2005). "Valorous Sports Metro Plus Madurai". The Hindu. 
  2. ^ Helaye Satan Rahasa Angam, Lankadeepa Article.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.