World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0002455555
Reproduction Date:

Title: Uttaramadra  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Uttarakuru, Uttara, History of Tajikistan, Komedes, Indo-European
Collection: History of India, History of Pakistan, Indo-European, Iranian Peoples
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


The Uttaramadra was the northern branch of the Madra people who are numerously referenced in ancient Sanskrit and Pali literature.

In Aitareya Brahmana (VIII.14), the Uttarakuru and the Uttaramadra tribes are stated to be living beyond Himalaya. Aitareya Brahmana also adduces these two people as an example of republican (vairajiya) janapadas or nations, where whole Janapada took the consecration of rulership.

tasmad atasyam udichya dishi ye ke ca pren himvantam janapada uttarakurva uttaramadra
iti vairajyaya te.abhishichyante
(Aitareya Brahmana, VIII/14)

The Vamsa Brahmana (1/18)[1] of the Sama Veda refers to Madrakara Shaungayani as the teacher of Aupamanyava Kamboja. Sage Shangayani Madrakara, as his name itself shows, and as the scholars have rightly pointed out, belonged to the Madra people. This connection between the Uttaramadras and the Kambojas is but natural, as they were close neighbors in the north-west (Vedic Index)).

Jean Przylusky has shown that Bahlika (Balkh) was an Iranian settlement of the Madras who were known as Bahlika-Uttaramadras.

The Kambojas, the neighbors of the Uttaramadras, here obviously refers to the Parama-Kambojas branch the Kambojas located in Trans-Hindukush regions.

From the fact that Kamboja Aupamanyava is stated to be pupil of sage Shangayani Madrakara, scholars like A. B. Keith and A. A. Macdonell of the Vedic Index as well as H. Zimmer and others postulate a possible connection of the Uttaramadras with the Kambojas who are stated to have had both Iranian as well as Indian affinities.

Zimmer, Ludwig, B. C. Law, A. D. Pusalkar and others think that Kamboja Aupamanyava was the son or descendant of sage Upamanyu of the Rig Veda (I.102.9).


  • Vedic Index, I. pp 84,138, II, p 61, A. B. Keith, A. A. Macdonnell,
  • Geographical Data in Early Puranas, 1972, pp 65, 164, Dr M. R. Singh,
  • History and Culture of Indian People, The Vedic Age, p 259.
  • Some Kshatriya Tribes of Ancient India, 1924, p 231,
  • Problems of Ancient India, 2000, p 6-7, K. D. Sethna.
  • India as Known to Panini, p 50, Dr V. S. Aggarwala,
  • cf also: An Ancient People of Panjab, The Udumbras, Journal Asiatique, 1926, p 11, Jean Przylusky showing that Bahlika (Balkh) was an Iranian settlement of the Madras who were known as Bahlika-Uttaramadras.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.