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Uxbridge, Massachusetts

Congregational Church and Civil War Memorial
Congregational Church and Civil War Memorial
Flag of Uxbridge
Official seal of Uxbridge
Nickname(s): "Home of America's 1st Woman Voter" "A Crossroads Village"
Motto: "Weaving a Tapestry of Early America"
Location in Worcester County in Massachusetts
Location in Worcester County in Massachusetts
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Worcester
Settled 1662
Incorporated 1727
 • Type Open Town Meeting
 • Chair, Board of Selectmen, Jennifer Modica
 • Vice Chair-Clerk, Board of Selectmen Jeff Shaw
 • Selectmen Tim Rice, Peter Baghdasarian, Lance Anderson
 • Town Manager David Genereux
 • Total 30.4 sq mi (78.7 km2)
 • Land 29.5 sq mi (76.5 km2)
 • Water 0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)
Elevation 270 ft (82 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 13,457
 • Density 442.66/sq mi (170.77/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01569, 01538, 01525
Area code(s) 508 / 774
FIPS code 25-71620
GNIS feature ID 0618387

Uxbridge is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts first settled in 1662, incorporated in 1727, originally part of Suffolk County, and Mendon, and named for the Earl of Uxbridge. The town (population 13,648, estimate)[1] is located 36 mi (58 km) southwest of Boston[2] and 15 mi (24 km) south-southeast of Worcester, at the midpoint of the Blackstone Valley National Park. Two Uxbridge Quakers served as national leaders in the anti-slavery movement. Uxbridge "weaves a tapestry of early America"[3]

Indigenous Nipmuc people near 'Wacentug" (river bend), deeded land to 17th century settlers. Uxbridge granted rights to America's first woman voter, Lydia Chapin Taft. The first hospital for mental illness in America was established here.[4][5] Deborah Sampson posed as an Uxbridge soldier, and fought in the American Revolution. A 140-year legacy of manufacturing military uniforms and clothing began with 1820 power looms. The Board of Selectmen approved Massachusetts's first women jurors. Uxbridge became famous for woolen cashmeres. "Uxbridge Blue", was the first US Air Force Dress Uniform.[6] BJ's Wholesale Club distribution warehouse looms large here today.


  • History 1
    • Colonial era, Revolution, Quakers, and abolition 1.1
    • Early transportation, education, public health and safety 1.2
    • Industrial era: 19th century to late-20th century 1.3
    • Late-20th century to present 1.4
  • Notable people 2
  • Government 3
  • Geography 4
    • Adjacent Cities and towns 4.1
  • Climate 5
  • Demographics 6
  • Economy 7
  • Education 8
  • Healthcare 9
  • Transportation 10
    • Rail 10.1
    • Highways 10.2
    • Airports 10.3
  • Points of interest 11
  • Photos 12
  • See also 13
  • References 14
  • External links 15


Colonial era, Revolution, Quakers, and abolition

John Eliot started Nipmuc Praying Indian villages.[7][8][9] "Wacentug" natives sold land to settlers in 1662,[10] "for 24 pound Ster".[10][10][11] Mendon began in 1667, and burned in King Phillips War. Western Mendon became Uxbridge in 1727, and Farnum House held the first town meeting.[12] Nathan Webb's church, was the Colony's first new Congregational church in the Great Awakening.[13] Lydia Chapin Taft, voted in the 1756 Town meeting, a first for women.[14]

Washington slept here on his Inaugural tour.[27][28]

Jacob Aldrich House; Quaker style house..

Quakers, including Richard Mowry migrated here from Smithfield, Rhode Island, and built mills, railroads, houses, tools and Conestoga wagon wheels.[23][29][30] Southwick's store housed the "Social and Instructive Library". Friends Meetinghouse, next to Mosses Farnum's farm, had prominent abolitionists Abby Kelley Foster, and Effingham Capron as members.[31][32][33][34] Capron led the 450 member local anti-slavery society. Brister Pierce, formerly a slave in Uxbridge, was a signer of an 1835 petition to Congress demanding abolition of slavery and the slave trade in the District of Columbia.[35]

Early transportation, education, public health and safety

The Tafts built the Middle Post Road's Blackstone River bridge in 1709.[36] "Teamsters" drove horse "team" freight wagons, on the Worcester-Providence stage route. The Blackstone Canal brought horsedrawn barges to Providence through Uxbridge for overnight stops.[10][37][38] The "crossroads village" was a junction on the Underground Railroad.[39] The P&W Railroad ended canal traffic in 1848.

A 1732 vote "set up a school for ye town of Uxbridge".[10] A grammar school was followed by 13 one room district school houses, built for $2000 in 1797. Uxbridge Academy (1818), became a prestigious New England Prep School.

Uxbridge voted against smallpox vaccine .[14] Samuel Willard (physician) treated smallpox victims,[40] was a forerunner of modern psychiatry, and ran the first hospital for mental illness in America.[4][5] Vital records recorded many infant deaths,[17] the smallpox death of Selectman Joseph Richardson, "Quincy", "dysentary", and tuberculosis deaths.[17][23] Leonard White recorded a Malaria outbreak here in 1896 that led to [41] firsts in control of malaria as a mosquito-borne infection.[41] Uxbridge led Massachusetts in robberies for a quarter of the year in 1922, and the town voted to hire its first night time police patrolman.[42]

Industrial era: 19th century to late-20th century

Bog iron and three iron forges marked the colonial era, with the inception of large-scale industries beginning around 1775[43]—examples of this development can be seen in the work of Richard Mowry, who built and marketed equipment to manufacture woolen, linen, or cotton cloth,.[3][44] and gristmills, sawmills, distilleries, and large industries.[7] Uxbridge reached a peak of twenty different industrial mills.[7][23] Daniel Day built the first woolen mill in 1809.[10][14] By 1855, 560 local workers made 2,500,000 yards (2,300,000 m) of cloth (14,204 miles (22,859 km)).[7][23][43] A small silver vein at Scadden, in SW Uxbridge, led to unsuccessful commercial mining in the 1830s.[45]

Charles Capron House, 2 Capron Street. The Capron family was prominent in the Industrial era at Uxbridge Center where Capron Mill is located.

Innovations included power looms, vertical integration of wool to clothing, cashmere wool-synthetic blends, "wash and wear", yarn spinning techniques, and latch hook kits. Villages included mills, shops, worker housing, and farms. Wm. Arnold's Ironstone cotton mill, later made "Kentucky Blue Jeans",[23] and Seth Read's gristmill, later housed Bay State Arms. Hecla and Wheelockville housed American Woolen, Waucantuck Mill, Hilena Lowell's shoe factory, and Draper Corporation. Daniel Day, Jerry Wheelock, and Luke Taft used water powered mills. Moses Taft's (Central Woolen) operated continuously making Civil War cloth,[23][46]

North Uxbridge housed Clapp's 1810 Cotton Mill, Chandler Taft's and Richard Sayles Rivulet Mill, the granite quarry, and Rogerson's village. Crown and Eagle Mill was "a masterpiece of early industrial architecture".[47] Blanchard's granite quarry provided curb stones to New York City and regional public works projects.[7][23][48] Peter Rawson Taft's grandson, William Howard Taft, visited Samuel Taft House.[49]

John Sr., Effingham and John W. Capron's mill pioneered US satinets and woolen power looms[7][10][43][50] Charles A. Root, Edward Bachman, and Harold Walter expanded Bachman-Uxbridge., and leadership in women's fashion.[51] The company manufactured US Army uniforms for the Civil War, World War I, World War II, the nurse corps, and the first Air Force "dress uniforms", dubbed "Uxbridge Blue".[23][52] Time magazine covered Uxbridge Worsted's proposed a buyout to be the top US woolen company.[53] One of the largest US yarn companies, Bernat Yarn's largest plant was located here from the 1960s to the 1980s. A historic company called 'Information Services', operated from Uxbridge, and managed subscription services for 'The New Republic', among other publications, in the later 20th century.

Late-20th century to present

State and national parks developed around mills and rivers were restored.[54] Elmshade, (where War Secretary Alphonso Taft had recounted local family history at a famous reunion).[59][60] Capron's wooden mill survived a 2007 fire at the Bernat Mill.[61] Stanley mill is being restored while Waucantuck mill, was (mostly) razed. In 2013 multiple fires again affected this town and included a historic bank building and a Quaker home from the early 1800s. See National historic sites.

Notable people

  • The New Uxbridge Times, Local Newspaper
  • Uxbridge tourism, FIrst Night Celebration
  • Town of Uxbridge website
  • Uxbridge Community TV streaming; Public, educational, and government access (PEG) cable tv channel
  • [12] Dairy Farms in Uxbridge, photos
  • Nipmuc nation| Uxbridge began as a subdivision of Mendon which had been carved from the original Squinshepauk Plantation, sold by Chief John of the Nipmuc to settlers from Braintree, Massachusetts in 1662
  • [13] PBS Special:"After the Mayflower, Nipmuc Language, We Shall Remain", with Native Speaker, David Tall Pine White
  • [14] town info from Mass online, School history, CommunityPreserve America
  • [15] [Berroco Inc. Continuation of a 200-year family textile/yarn enterprise]
  • Uxbridge on "New England Byways", 1998 WBZ TV plus Christmas eve video of Uxbridge on
  • Grafton Nipmuck [16]re-created Nipmuc village, CT]
  • Seth & Hannah Reed
  • Abby Kelley Foster, Worcester women's history project
  • Current weather conditions, Weather station, next to Uxbridge, MA

External links

  1. ^
  2. ^ North Uxbridge (Worcester County, Massachusetts [MA]): Around the Neighborhood
  3. ^ a b "Uxbridge Walking Tour, NPS brochure" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-01-01. 
  4. ^ a b Lincoln, William (1862). "History of Worcester, Mass. from its Earliest settlement to 1836" by Charles Hersey. Worcester, Mass.: Hersey/Henry Howland Press. 
  5. ^ a b [9] Digital Treasures, Samuel Willard ran a "hospital for the insane" l and trained young physicians, East side of Uxbridge Common, (no longer standing)
  6. ^ Magazine, March 29, 1954TimeBusiness: Time Clock,
  7. ^ a b c d e f "MHC Reconnaissance Survey Town Report: Uxbridge; Report Date: 1984 Associated Regional Report: Central Massachusetts;" (PDF). Massachusetts Historical Commission;. 1984. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-12-02. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  8. ^ "Nipmuc History". Lee Sultzman. Retrieved 2007-09-28. 
  9. ^ "Nipmuc place names of New England". native Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g Marvin, Rev. Abijah Perkins (1879). History of Worcester County, Massachusetts, Embracing a Comprehensive History of the County from its earliest beginnings to the present time; Vol. II. Boston, MA: CF Jewitt and Company. pp. 421–436. 
  11. ^ Connole, Dennis A. (2001). The Indians of the Nipmuck Country in Southern New England, 1630–1750: A Historical Geography. McFarland and Company (Accessed by Google Books). p. 146.  
  12. ^ "John Farnum, Jr.". Doug Sinclair's Archives. Retrieved 2007-10-04. 
  13. ^ Clarke, D.D., Joseph S. (1858). A Historical Sketch of the Congregational Churches in Massachusetts, from 1620 to 1858. Boston (Digitized by Google books): Congregational Board of Publication. p. 148. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g Chapin, Judge Henry (1881). Address Delivered at the Unitarian Church in Uxbridge, 1864. Worcester, MA: Charles Hamilton Press (Harvard Library; from Google Books). p. 172. 
  15. ^ a b Buford, Mary Hunter (1895). Seth Read, Lieut.-Col.Continental Army; Pioneer at Geneva, New York, 1787, and at Erie, Penn., June, 1795. His Ancestors and Descendants. Boston, Mass. pp. 167 pages on CD in PDF Format. 
  16. ^ "Martial Musick in Uxbridge Massachusetts 1727–present". Retrieved 2007-09-23. 
  17. ^ a b c Baldwin, Thomas Williams (1916). Vital Records of Uxbridge, Massachusetts to the Year 1850. Boston: Wright and Potter Printing. pp. 2–450. Retrieved 2007-11-02. 
  18. ^ Collections of the Worcester Society of Antiquity. Volume XIV.  
  19. ^ "Samuel Spring of Uxbridge, Revolutionary War Chaplain, by Michael Potaski" (PDF). Blackstone Valley Tribune. p. 5. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  20. ^ "DEBORAH SAMPSON.; How She Served as a Soldier in the Revolution − Her Sex Unknown to the Army.*" (PDF). New York Times. 1898-10-08. Retrieved 2007-10-31. 
  21. ^ "Quelling the opening salvos of Shay's rebellion". Archived from the original on 2007-08-12. Retrieved 2007-11-10. 
  22. ^ Supplement to the Acts and resolves of Massachusetts:Vo1.1, p. 148. google books. 1896. Retrieved 2009-08-26. 
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "walking tours-Uxbridge". Blackstone Daily. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-09-23. 
  24. ^ a b c "e pluribus unum FAQ #7". Retrieved 2007-09-29. 
  25. ^ Buford, Mary Hunter (1895). Seth Read, Lieut.-Col.Continental Army; Pioneer at Geneva, New York, 1787, and at Erie, Penn., June, 1795. His Ancestors and Descendants. Boston, Mass. pp. 167 pages on CD in PDF Format. 
  26. ^ Preble, George Henry (1879). Origin and History of the American Flag and of the Naval and Yacht Club Signals, Seals and Arms, and of the Principal National Songs of the United States; Volume II. Philadelphia: Brown. pp. 695–696. 
  27. ^ "Stanton River Tour". Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  28. ^ "Did George Washington Really Stay in Uxbridge". blackstone riever Archived from the original on November 19, 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-25. 
  29. ^ "Uxbridge, Worcester County". Department of Housing and Community Development. Retrieved 2008-05-24. 
  30. ^ "The Conestoga Wagon". The Conestoga Area Historical Society. Retrieved 2007-09-23. 
  31. ^ "Uxbridge, Friends Meetinghouse". NPS. Retrieved 2007-09-29. 
  32. ^ "The Historical Archeology of Mortuary Behavior: Coffin Hardware from Uxbridge, Massachusetts; Abstract: Edward Bell" (PDF). University of Florida. 1992. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  33. ^ Buffum, Lucill (1914). Elizabeth Buffme Chase- Her Life and Its Environment. Google books. 
  34. ^ "The Uxbridge Meeting House". Blackstone Daily. Archived from the original on November 1, 2006. Retrieved 2007-09-23. 
  35. ^ | Cummington, MA historical commission.
  36. ^ Holbrook, Stewart H (1962). The Old Post Road: The Story of the Boston Post Road. New York: McGraw Hill. 
  37. ^ "History of the Canal, The Blackstone Canal: A Brief Overview of Its Historical Significance". Worcester Historical Museum. Retrieved 2007-09-23. 
  38. ^ "Stone Arch Bridge across Blackstone Canal in Blackstone River and Canal Heritage State Park. Uxbridge, Massachusetts, October 10, 2004". Asgreev Photos. Retrieved 2007-09-25. 
  39. ^ a b c Susan Spence (September 28, 2012). "An activist path: Mill owner founded Uxbridge anti-slavery society". Worcester Telegram & Gazette. Retrieved 2012-09-28. 
  40. ^ Backofen, Walter A (2001). Elias Frost, M.D., and His Strategy for Being Remembered. p. 6. OCLC: 58438763. 
  41. ^ a b "A History of Mosquitoes in Massachusetts, by Curtis R. Best". Northeast Mosquito Control Association. Retrieved 2008-03-31. 
  42. ^ "History of Policing in Uxbridge". Retrieved 2014-02-14. 
  43. ^ a b c "Uxbridge, MA-Description of Uxbridge". Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  44. ^ "Blackstone River Valley, New England's Historic National Park area; Navigator/Uxbridge". Retrieved 2007-12-06. 
  45. ^ Uxbridge Compendium article, 1866, Silver Mine, Blissful Meadows
  46. ^ "Stanely Woolen Mill, The Story". Retrieved 2009-01-13. 
  47. ^ Langenbach, Randolph (1971-08-15). The Crown and Eagle Mills, A remarkable Massachusetts Relic of the Industrial Revolution now in danger of destruction. Boston Globe Sunday Magazine (Boston). 
  48. ^ Crane, Ellery Bicknell (1907). Historic Homes and Institutions and Genealogical and Personal Memories of Worcester County, Massachusetts with a history of Worcester Society of Antiquity;. Chicago and New York: Lewis. p. 385. 
  49. ^ "Taft Visits Home of His Ancestors" (PDF). New York Times. 1910-08-20. Retrieved 2007-11-27. 
  50. ^ "Blackstone River Watershed". Executive Office of Environmental Affairs, Mass. Gov. Retrieved 2007-09-23. 
  51. ^ Unknown (24 August 1953). "TEXTILES: The Pride of Uxbridge". Time Magazine U.S. Time Inc. Retrieved 2 July 2012. 
  52. ^ Kalikiano Kalei (2009). "'"Of Uniform Concern: A Casual History of the USAF 'Blue Suit. AuthorsDen. AuthorsDen, Inc. Retrieved 2 July 2012. 
  53. ^ [10]"Time Clock-American Woolen will ask stockholders to approve buy-out by Bachman-Uxbrige", Time Magazine, March 29, 1954
  54. ^ "Cleaning up the Blackstone". National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-11-16. 
  55. ^ "John H. Chaffee Blackstone Valley National Heritage Corridor; Massachusetts/Rhode Island; Birthplace of the Industrial Revolution". National Park Service; US Department of the Interior. Retrieved 2007-09-23. 
  56. ^ "Blackstone River and Canal Heritage State Park".; Department of Conservation and Recreation. Retrieved 2007-09-23. 
  57. ^ "About the Bikeway". Blackstone Valley Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2007-09-23. 
  58. ^ "West Hill Dam, Uxbridge Massachusetts". US Army Corps of Engineers. Retrieved 2007-09-23. 
  59. ^ "Uxbridge-A walking tour". Blackstone Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-11-16. 
  60. ^ Leonard, Lewis recounted Alexander. The Life of Alphonso Taft. Google Books. Leonard, Lewis Alexander. The Life of Alphonso Taft. Google Books. Life of Alphonso Taft. Google Books. 1920. Retrieved 2007-11-25. 
  61. ^ John Guilfoil (July 22, 2007). "Fire ravages old Uxbridge mill". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on September 7, 2008. Retrieved 2007-09-24. 
  62. ^ University of Vermont, Office of the President; Rev. Willard Preston, DD, 1825–1826
  63. ^ "Faces of Erie County, Seth and Hannah Reed". Retrieved 2008-12-23. 
  64. ^ Bonnie Adams (2008-10-12). "Town Honors 1936 Olympian". The Worcester Telegram and Gazette. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  65. ^ Krasner, Jeffrey (2006-12-05). "The rock stars of universal coverage". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2007-09-23. 
  66. ^ "NCSL Executive Committee: Officers' Biographical Information". National Conference of State Legislatures. Retrieved 2009-08-11. 
  67. ^ Skerry's TED talk
  68. ^ "Biographical overview: Arthur K. Wheelock, Jr.". National Gallery of Art. Retrieved 2008-12-25. 
  69. ^ r Ave Maria, produced by Skip Shea, wins film award in Rome, Worcester Telegram, Nov. 7, 2013....
  70. ^ Uxbridge Massachusetts Website – Board of Selectmen (1.00.00).
  71. ^ "Selectman affirm right of Women to Serve on Juries" (PDF). New York Times. 1922-07-02. 
  72. ^ | Local Efforts
  73. ^ a b "Weather Averages, Uxbridge, MA: United States of America". 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-07. 
  74. ^ "TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010. 
  75. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  76. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  77. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  78. ^ "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). 1: Number of Inhabitants. Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  79. ^ "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  80. ^ "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  81. ^ "1870 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  82. ^ "1860 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  83. ^ "1850 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  84. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  85. ^ [11]
  86. ^ Lewin, Tamar (1996-01-13). "The ramparts of a little revolution in education". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-04-04. 
  87. ^
  88. ^ Sky Glen Airport


See also


Points of interest

TF Green State Airport Warwick-Providence, RI, Worcester airport, and Boston Logan International Airport, have commercial flights. Hopedale airport, 7.2 miles (11.6 km), and Worcester airport, have general aviation. A private air strip, Sky Glen Airport on Quaker highway is still listed on FAA sites, though the map location shows it within a dense Industrial Park, and at its peak of operations, it saw very low traffic.[88]


Route 146[87] links Worcester, I-290, and I-90, to Providence at I-95 and I-295. Route 16 links to Connecticut via I-395, and Boston, by I-495. Route 122 connects Northbridge, and Woonsocket. Route 146A, goes into North Smithfield. Route 98 leads to Burrillville.


The nearest Franklin Line and Grafton (MBTA station) and Worcester on the Framingham/Worcester Line, 15 miles away. The Northeast Corridor Providence (Amtrak station), has trains with top speeds of 150 MPH. The Providence and Worcester Railroad freight line passes two former local stations.



Tri-River Family Health Center, (UMass Medical) offers primary care. Milford Regional, Landmark M/C, hospices and long term care are nearby, or local.


Local schools include: Taft pre k-2, Whitin Elementary, McCloskey Middle School, Uxbridge High (built 2012) and Our Lady of the Valley Regional. Valley Tech (Upton) houses Quinsigamond Community College The New York Times called Uxbridge education reforms, a "little revolution" to meet family needs.[86]


High tech, services, distribution, life sciences, hospitality, local government, education and tourism offer local jobs. A 618,000 square feet (57,400 m2) distribution center serves Fortune 500 BJ's Wholesale Club's, northern division. The July 2013 unemployment was 6.9% [85]


The 2010 United States Census[84] population was 13,457, representing a growth rate of 20.6%, with 5,056 households, a density rate of 166.31 units per square mile. 95.7% were White, 1.7% Asian, 0.90% Hispanic, 0.3% African American, and 1.4% other. Population density was 442.66 people/ mile2 (170.77/km²). Per capita income was $24,540, and 4.7% fell below the poverty line. The number of registered voters was 9,959 for 2010


Climate data for Uxbridge, Massachusetts
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 37
Average low °F (°C) 13
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.6

A USDA hardiness zone 5 continental climate prevails with snowfall extremes from October (rare), to May. The highest recorded temperature was 104 F, in July 1975, and the lowest, -25 F in January 1957.[73]


Adjacent Cities and towns

The town is 30.4 square miles (79 km2), of which 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2), or 2.73%, is water. It is situated 39.77 miles (64.00 km) southwest of Boston, 16 miles (26 km) southeast of Worcester, and 20 miles (32 km) northwest of Providence. Elevations range from 200 feet (61 m) to 577 feet (176 m) above sea level. It borders Douglas, Mendon, Millville, Northbridge, and Sutton, Massachusetts, plus the Rhode Island towns of Burrillville and North Smithfield.


Uxbridge has a Board of Selectmen and town meeting government, with officials listed in the top infobox:[70] Local government 1) granted the first woman in America the right to vote,[14] 2) nixed smallpox vaccine in 1775,[14] and 3) defied the Massachusetts Secretary of State, by approving women jurors.[71] The 2009 Board of Health made Uxbridge the 3rd community in the US to ban tobacco sales in pharmacies, but later reversed this.[72] State agencies control county elected offices (see info box). In fact, Uxbridge has a District Courthouse.

County-level state agency heads
Clerk of Courts: Dennis P. McManus (D)
District Attorney: Joseph D. Early, Jr. (D)
Register of Deeds: Anthony J. Vigliotti (D)
Register of Probate: Stephanie K. Fattman (R)
County Sheriff: Lew Evangelidis (R)
State government
State Representative(s): Kevin J. Kuros (R))
State Senator(s): Ryan Fattman (R)
Governor's Councilor(s): Jen Caissie (R)
Federal government
U.S. Representative(s): James P. McGovern (D-2nd Dist.)
U.S. Senators: Elizabeth Warren (D), Ed Markey (D)


Charles Aurthur Root, Edward Bachman, and Harold Walter built Uxbridge Worsted into a manufacturing giant which led women's fashions. Alice Bridges won an Olympic bronze in Berlin.[64] Tim Fortugno played for the California Angels and Chicago White Sox. Richard Moore, recent Senate President Pro Tem (MA), was a FEMA executive, a Past President of the Conference of State Legislatures, and a principal architect of Massachusetts's landmark health care law .[65][66] Brian Skerry is a National Geographic photojournalist, protecting global sea life.[67] Arthur K. Wheelock, Jr. is curator of Baroque Art at the National Gallery.[68] Jacqueline Liebergott,was president of Emerson College. Jeannine Oppewall, has four Academy Award nominations for best art direction. Skip Shea, produced 10 films, and won a top award at the Rome Film Festival for Ave Maria, a film about victims of clergy abuse.[69] (notable residents).

Willard Preston, the 4th University of Vermont President, published famous sermons while later serving the Independent Presbyterian Church of Savannah.[62] Arthur MacArthur, Sr. was a Lt. Governor, Chief Justice and Douglas MacArthur's grandfather. Seth Reed fought at Bunker Hill, was "instrumental" in adding E Pluribus Unum, to U.S. Coins.[24][63] and was a founder of Erie, Pennsylvania and Geneva, New York.[15][24] Paul C. Whitin, founded the Whitin Machine Works. Phineas Bruce and Benjamin Adams were Congressmen. Joshua Macomber and William Augustus Mowry were educators. Effingham Capron,[39] led Uxbridge as a center for pre-civil war anti-slavery activities, was a state a national anti-slavery leader, and an industrialist.[39] Edward Sullivan, won a Congressional Medal in the Spanish–American War. Willard Bartlett was a NY Chief Justice and Franklin Bartlett, a Congressman. Edward P. Bullard started Bullard Machine tools whose designs enabled auto manufacturing and industry.

. William Howard Taft was the grandfather of Peter Rawson Taft I. Hon. Stanley Woolen Mill built Moses Taft built 2 water powered textile mills, and Luke Taft, a Taft, started the third US woolen mill. Daniel Day legislator. Chandler Taft built the 1814 Rivulet Mill. Utah missionary, and Hawaii, Apostle LDS Church was an Ezra ("T".) Taft Benson [14]

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