World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0000263961
Reproduction Date:

Title: Vaishya  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Caste system in Nepal, Newar caste system, Hinduism, Yuyutsu, Balinese Kshatriya
Collection: Vaishya Community
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


A Vaishya

Vaishya is one of the four varnas of the Hindu social order.


  • Traditional duties 1
  • Modern communities 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Traditional duties

Hindu religious texts assigned Vaishyas to traditional roles in agriculture and cattle-rearing but over time they came to be landowners, traders and money-lenders.[1] The Vaishyas, along with members of the Brahmin and Kshatriya varnas, claim dvija status ("twice born", a second or spiritual birth) after sacrament of initiation as in Hindu theology.[2] Indian traders were widely credited for the spread of Indian culture to regions as far as southeast Asia.[3]

Historically, Vaishyas have been involved in roles other than their traditional pastoralism, trade and commerce. According to Ram Sharan Sharma, a historian, the Gupta Empire was a Vaishya dynasty that "may have appeared as a reaction against oppressive rulers".[4]

Modern communities

The Vaishya community consist of several jāti or subcastes, notably the Agrahari,[5] Agrawals,[6] Barnwals, Gahois, Kasuadhans, Khandelwals, Lohanas and Maheshwaris of the north; Oswals, Roniaurs, the Arya Vaishyas of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana,[7] the Vaishya Vanis of Konkan and Goa, and the Modh and Patidars of the west.


  1. ^ Boesche, Roger (2003-03-01). The First Great Political Realist. p. 24.  
  2. ^ Madan, Gurmukh Ram (1979). Western Sociologists on Indian Society: Marx, Spencer, Weber, Durkheim, Pareto. Taylor & Francis. p. 112.  
  3. ^  
  4. ^  
  5. ^  
  6. ^ Bhanu, B. V.; Kulkarni, V. S. (2004).  
  7. ^ The New Wind: Changing Identities in South Asia - Google Books

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • Introduction to caste system of India
  • All India Vaish Federation
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.