World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Valeri Kubasov

Valeri Kubasov
Cosmonaut
Nationality Soviet
Born Valeri Nikolayevich Kubasov
(1935-01-07)7 January 1935
Vyazniki, Vladimir Oblast, Soviet Union
Died 19 February 2014(2014-02-19) (aged 79)
Moscow, Russia
Other occupation
Engineer
Time in space
18d 17h 57m
Selection Civilian Specialist Group 2
Missions Soyuz 6, Soyuz 19, Soyuz 36
Mission insignia
Retirement November 13, 1993
Awards

Valeri Nikolayevich Kubasov (Georgy Shonin.

Kubasov was also involved in the development of the Mir space station. He retired from the Soviet space program in November 1993 and was later deputy director of RKK Energia.

Kubasov evaded death twice during his space career. He was part of the crew that was originally intended to fly Soyuz 2, which was found to have the same faulty parachute sensor that resulted in Vladimir Komarov's death on Soyuz 1 and was later launched without a crew. Later, he was grounded for medical reasons before the Soyuz 11 flight, which killed the crew when the capsule was accidentally depressurised by a faulty valve.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Cosmonaut 2
  • Death 3
  • Awards 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Early life

Kubasov was born January 7, 1935, in Vyazniki, Vladimir Oblast, former Soviet Union. After finishing secondary school in 1952, he graduated from the Moscow Aviation Institute in 1958 as an aerospace engineer and reported to work at the bureau led by Sergei Korolev.[2] Initially focusing on ballistic studies, Kubasov worked on the design of the Voskhod capsule.[2] He authored several studies on the calculation of spaceship trajectories, and acquired a Master of Science degree in Engineering.[3]

In May 1964, while working for Korolev, Kubasov became one of a handful of civilian candidates who passed preliminary medical screening for one of the Soviet Vladislav Volkov, were officially accepted into the newly established civilian cosmonaut corps.

Cosmonaut

Kubasov (second from left) on a Soviet postage stamp dedicated to the Apollo–Soyuz Test Project, 1975

Kubasov's first space mission, the five-day welding experiment in space. The Vulcan furnace required internal hatches between the orbital and descent modules to be sealed, with the welding performed automatically, overseen by Kubasov.[4] Samples of stainless steel and titanium were welded together, then cut, after which the hatches were opened for Kubasov to perform a hand-held welding. However, in 1990 it became known that Vulcan’s low-pressure compressed arc had inadvertently targeted a beam at the orbital module wall.[4] Upon opening the hatch, the cosmonauts discovered the damage and, fearing a depressurization, returned to the descent module.[4]

Following his first mission, Kubasov began training to fly aboard the world’s first Pyotr Kolodin.

In 1971 Kubasov was almost launched aboard the ill-fated Vladislav Volkov and Viktor Patsayev. In his memoir Two Sides of the Moon Leonov would later write: "It turned out later, that [Kubasov] was allergic to a chemical insecticide used to spray trees".[4]

Apollo–Soyuz Test Project became Kubasov's second space mission and he was a flight engineer on it. Kubasov spent several hours in the Apollo command and docking modules. During this project Kubasov told the U.S. President Gerald Ford in a TV linkup, that they got "good space food... some juice, some coffee and a lot of water".[3]

Kubasov's last spaceflight was aboard Soyuz 36 in 1980. During this flight, the Soyuz transported the crew that included Bertalan Farkas, the first Hungarian astronaut. Kubasov retired as a cosmonaut on 13 November 1993.[3]

Death

Kubasov died in Moscow of natural causes on 19 February 2014, at the age of 79.[5] He is survived by his wife Lyudmila Kurovskaya, daughter Ekaterina and son Dmitry.[6]

Awards

Kubasov was awarded:

Kubasov was also an honorary citizen of the following cities: Vyazniki, Kaluga, Vladimir, Karaganda, Arkalyk, New York City, Houston, San Francisco, Atlanta, Nashville, and Salt Lake City.[8]

References

  1. ^ "Valery Kubasov". Britannica. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Robert Pearlman. "Cosmonaut Valery Kubasov, Apollo-Soyuz Crewmember, Dies at 79". Space.com. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "Valery N. Kubasov". New Mexico Museum of Space History. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Evans, Ben. "Valeri Kubasov, Veteran ASTP Cosmonaut, Dies Aged 79". AmericaSpace. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  5. ^ Скончался участник программы "Союз-Аполлон" космонавт Валерий Кубасов (in Russian).  
  6. ^ Pearlman, Robert. "Cosmonaut Valery Kubasov, Apollo-Soyuz crewmember, dies at 79". collectSPACE. Retrieved 20 February 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h Биография Валерия Кубасова (in Russian).  
  8. ^ a b c КУБАСОВ Валерий Николаевич (in Russian). Энциклопедия "Космонавтика". Retrieved 21 February 2014. 

External links

  • Valeri Kubasov at the Internet Movie Database
  • Biography of Valeriy Nikolayevich Kubasov at NASA
  • Apollo-Soyuz Test Project Overview
  • Chronology of Apollo-Soyuz Test Project
  • Apollo-Soyuz Test Project Image Gallery
  • Apollo-Soyuz Drawings and Technical Diagrams
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.