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Valery Bykovsky

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Title: Valery Bykovsky  
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Subject: List of Soviet manned space missions, Soyuz 22, Soyuz 31, Vostok 5, Soyuz 29
Collection: 1934 Births, 1963 in Spaceflight, Double Heroes of the Soviet Union, Living People, People from Moscow Oblast, People from Pavlovo-Posadsky District, Pilot-Cosmonauts of the Ussr, Recipients of the Order of Friendship, Recipients of the Order of Georgi Dimitrov, Recipients of the Order of Karl Marx, Recipients of the Order of Lenin, Three Times, Recipients of the Order of the Cross of Grunwald, 1St Class, Recipients of the Order of the Red Banner of Labour, Recipients of the Order of the Red Star, Soviet Cosmonauts
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Valery Bykovsky

Valery Fyodorovich Bykovsky
Nationality Soviet
Status Retired
Born (1934-08-02) 2 August 1934
Pavlovsky Posad, Soviet Union
Other occupation
Rank Major General, Soviet Air Force
Time in space
20d 17h 48m
Selection 1960 Air Force Group 1
Missions Vostok 5, Soyuz 22, Soyuz 31
Mission insignia
Awards Hero of the Soviet Union
Order of Lenin

Valery Fyodorovich Bykovsky (Russian: Вале́рий Фёдорович Быко́вский; born 2 August 1934) is a retired Soviet cosmonaut who flew three manned space mission space flights: Vostok 5, Soyuz 22, and Soyuz 31. He was also backup for Vostok 3 and Soyuz 37.


  • Biography 1
  • Honours and awards 2
  • Gallery 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


Bykovsky set a space endurance record when he spent five days in orbit aboard Vostok 5 in 1963 where his callsign was "Hawk" (Russian: Ястреб).[1] Although this flight duration has long since been surpassed by crews of more than one person, to this day it remains the endurance record for a solo spaceflight.

Bykovsky was to have commanded the original Soyuz 2 mission, which was cancelled due to problems with Soyuz 1. After the parachutes failed on that mission, killing Vladimir Komarov, the same problem was found with the Soyuz 2 capsule, which meant if the mission had flown, Bykovsky and his crew would also have been killed.

Many of his later years in the space programme were involved with promoting the Intercosmos programme amongst the world's Socialist nations. He retired in 1988 and then spent three years as the Director of the House of Soviet Science and Culture in Berlin.

Bykovsky was also a keen sportsman:

"Service in the Air Force made us strong, both physically and morally. All of us cosmonauts took up sports and PT seriously when we served in the Air Force. I know that Yuri Gagarin was fond of ice hockey. He liked to play goal keeper. Gherman Titov was a gymnastics enthusiast, Andran Nikolayev liked skiing, Pavel Popovich went in for weight lifting. I don't think I am wrong when I say that sports became a fixture in the life of the cosmonauts."[2]

Honours and awards

Valery Bykovsky was awarded the Hero of the Soviet Union (1963), the Order of Lenin, the Order of the Red Star, and numerous other medals and foreign orders.



  1. ^ "Call signs of astronauts". 
  2. ^ Bykovsky quoted in Gavrilin, pp. 26–7
  3. ^  Valery Bykovsky at the "Герои страны" ("Heroes of the Country") website (Russian)


  • Gavrilin, Vyacheslav: Sportsmen of the Soviet Union
  • "Testing of rocket and space technology - the business of my life" Events and facts - A.I. Ostashev, Korolev, 2001.[2];
  • "S. P. Korolev. Encyclopedia of life and creativity" - edited by C. A. Lopota, RSC Energia. S. P. Korolev, 2014 ISBN 978-5-906674-04-3

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
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