World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Vestre Toten

Article Id: WHEBN0000178054
Reproduction Date:

Title: Vestre Toten  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Eina, Oppland, Gjøvik, Østre Toten, List of former municipalities of Norway
Collection: Municipalities of Oppland, Vestre Toten
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Vestre Toten

Vestre Toten kommune
Municipality
Eina
Coat of arms of Vestre Toten kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Vestre Toten kommune
Oppland within
Norway
Vestre Toten within Oppland
Vestre Toten within Oppland
Coordinates:
Country Norway
County Oppland
District Toten
Administrative centre Raufoss
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Leif Waarum[1] (Ap)
Area
 • Total 249 km2 (96 sq mi)
 • Land 231 km2 (89 sq mi)
Area rank 303 in Norway
Population (2004)
 • Total 12,597
 • Rank 86 in Norway
 • Density 54/km2 (140/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) -4.0 %
Demonym(s) Vestretotning[2]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-0529
Official language form Bokmål
Website .no.kommune.vestre-totenwww
Data from Statistics Norway

Vestre Toten is a municipality in Oppland county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Toten. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Raufoss.

Contents

  • General information 1
    • Name 1.1
    • Coat-of-arms 1.2
  • History 2
  • Geography 3
  • Economy 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

General information

Name

The name comes from the Old Norse word Þótn. The meaning of Toten is unknown (maybe "the pleasant district").[3] The meaning of the name Vestre Toten is "(the) western (part of) Toten". (The parish of Toten was divided in 1825.)[4]

Coat-of-arms

The coat of arms were granted on 3 May 1991. The arms show two silver knives on a green background. They are a typical type of knife from the area (the special "Toten-knives"). It symbolizes the long tradition of wood carving. The arms were designed by Inge Rotevatn.[5][6]

History

According to the sagas, Halfdan Hvitbeinn (Whiteleg) was the first Yngling in Norway. He conquered Romerike, part of Hedmark, part of Vestfold, and Toten. He was killed in Toten around the year 740.[7]

In 1021, according to saga, King Olaf (reigned 1015-1028) converted Toten to Christianity. Also, King Håkon IV (reigned 1217–1263) came to Toten around the year 1226 to settle local unrest.[7]

Christian II (1481-1559) was a Danish monarch and King of Denmark, Norway (1513-1523), and Sweden (1520-1521), under the Kalmar Union. Prior to becoming king, Duke Christian was sent to Norway in 1506 by John II (also called Hans), King of Norway (1483 – 1513) to take charge of the kingdom. In 1507, he became aware of a revolt in Hedmark. In early 1508, he took a force there, routing the rebellion. He then rowed across lake Mjøsa to Toten, capturing residents, imprisoning them in the vaulted cellar of the rectory in Østre Toten and torturing them there. As a result, he determined that Bishop Karl of Hamar had been behind the rebellion. With Bishop Karl as his captive, he was able to suppress the unrest.[7]

Toten was a part of Akershus county until 1756, when it was reassigned to Oppland county. Lauritz Weideman, Corporal Peder Balke, and Nels Dyhren from Toten attended the 1814 constitutional convention at Eidsvold.[7]

Vestre Toten was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The areas of Kolbu and Eina were separated from Vestre Toten on 1 January 1908. Eina was, however, merged back into the municipality of Vestre Toten on 1 January 1964 (and Kolbu was merged into Østre Toten at this time also).

Geography

Einavatnet with the farmland along the lake

The municipal center is Raufoss. Other smaller towns in the municipality include Eina, Reinsvoll, and Bøverbru.

Vestre Toten borders on Østre Toten to the east, Gjøvik to the north, Gran to the south and Søndre Land to the west.

The highest point is Lauvhøgda with a height of 722 metres (2,369 ft). The Hunnselva river begins in the Einavatnet lake and ends in the Mjøsa at Gjøvik.

Economy

Farming and industry are important. Raufoss Aluminum is a major employer in the community. The Gjøvikbanen train line passes through the community.

References

  1. ^ http://www.vestre-toten.kommune.no/artikler/ordforeren-2
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ (Norwegian)
  7. ^ a b c d

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.