World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Vigyan Bhairav Tantra

Article Id: WHEBN0031441183
Reproduction Date:

Title: Vigyan Bhairav Tantra  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Shaivism, Indian philosophy
Collection: Hindu Tantra, Indian Philosophy, Meditation, Shaivism
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Vigyan Bhairav Tantra

The Vigyan Bhairav Tantra (Sanskrit: विज्ञान भैरव तन्त्र, Vijñāna Bhairava Tantra) is a key text of the Trika school of Kashmir Shaivism. Cast as a discourse between the god Shiva and his consort Devi or Shakti, it briefly presents 112 meditation methods or centering techniques (dharanas).[1] These include several variants of breath awareness, concentration on various centers in the body, non-dual awareness, chanting, imagination and visualization and contemplation through each of the senses.[2] A prerequisite to success in any of the 112 practices is a clear understanding of which method is most suitable to the practitioner.[3]

Contents

  • The text 1
  • English translations and commentaries (alphabetically by title) 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

The text

The text is a chapter from the Rudrayamala Tantra, a Bhairava Agama. Devi, the goddess, asks Siva to reveal the essence of the way to realization of the highest reality. In his answer Siva describes 112 ways to enter into the universal and transcendental state of consciousness. References to it appear throughout the literature of Kashmir Shaivism, indicating that it was considered to be an important text in the monistic school of Kashmir Shaiva philosophy.

The text appeared in 1918 in the Kashmir Series of Text and Studies (KSTS).[4] The Kashmir Series published two volumes, one with a commentary by Kshemaraja and Shivopadhyaya and the other with a commentary, called Kaumadi, by Ananda Bhatta.

It was introduced to the west by Swami Lakshman Joo, whose western associates included Miguel Serrano and Paul Reps. The latter brought the text to wider attention by including an English translation in his popular book Zen Flesh, Zen Bones. Reps' translation was the subject of a voluminous commentary by Osho. Several other translations and commentaries have since become available.

English translations and commentaries (alphabetically by title)

(all info verified on Amazon.com, or from the websites listed, 3 December 2013)

Nothing Exists That Is Not Siva: Commentaries of the Siva-sutra, Vijnanabhairava, Gurugita, and Other Sacred Texts, by Swami Muktananda, softcover, SYDA Foundation, New York, NY, 1997, ISBN 978-0911307566 , out of print

Sri Vijnana Bhairava Tantra: The Ascent, by Swami Saraswati Satyasangananda (Swami Satsangi), softcover, Yoga Publications Trust/Bihar School of Yoga, 2003, 499 pgs., includes for each verse: Devanagari script, English with Sanskrit pronunciation, word-by-word meaning, overall meaning, relevance of words used, and commentary; plus appendices, glossary, and index.

Tantra Yoga, le Vijñänabhaïrava Tantra, by Daniel Odier, translated from French into English by Jeanric Meller, not in print - available at http://www.danielodier.com/english/envihnana.php

The Book of Secrets: The Science of Meditation, Volumes 1-5, by Osho (Rajneesh), softcover, St. Martin's Griffin, 2010, (1st edition 1972), ISBN 978-0-312-65060-5, 1328 pgs., a commentary based on Paul Reps' translation below

The Book of Secrets: 112 Meditations to Discover the Mystery Within, by Osho (Rajneesh), hardcover, St. Martin's Griffin, 1998, (1st edition 1972), ISBN 978-0-312-18058-4, a commentary based on Paul Reps' translation below

The Radiance Sutras: 112 Gateways to the Yoga of Wonder and Delight, by Lorin Roche, Ph.D., softcover, Sounds True, 2014 (1st edition 1994), ISBN 978-1-60407-659-2, 352 pgs., purposely personal, poetic, non-scholarly; admits that he omits or changes more 'difficult' verses.

Vigyan Bhairava Tantra - 112 Meditations for Self-Realization, by Ranjit Chaudhri, softcover, Prakash Books, New Delhi, India, 2008, ISBN 978-81-7234-292-0, republished as: 112 Meditations for Self-Realization, 2011, ISBN 978-81-7234-371-2

Vijnana Bhairava: The Manual for Self-Realization, by Swami Lakshmanjoo, edited by John Hughes, Swami Lakshmanjoo was a Kashmiri Shaivite Master, and teacher of Paul Reps, Jaideva Singh, and Lilian Silburn, hardcover + 7 CDs, 315 pgs., the book is a transcript of Swami Laksmanjoo's talks on the 7 CDs, A. Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers in association with Ishwar Ashram Trust, 1st Indian edition (3rd revised edition), 2011, ISBN 978-81-215-1238-1, B. Universal Shaiva Fellowship, Los Angeles, CA, 2007, 4th edition (1st edition 2001), ISBN 978-0-9816228-0-4,

Vijnana Bhairava: The Practice of Centring Awareness, by Bettina Baumer & Sarla Kumar, commentary by Swami Lakshmanjoo, softcover, Indica Books, Veranasi, India, 2002 (republished 2007), ISBN 978-81-86569-35-1 or 9788186569359, highly edited version of Swami Lakshmanjoo's book with CDs above

Vijnana Bhairava Tantra, by Mike Magee, 1995, not in print - available at www.shivashakti.com/vijnan.htm, commentary on Jaideva Singh's translation above

Vijnana Bhairava Tantra (Chant Book), by Paramahamsa Nithyananda, softcover, 75 pgs., includes just the verses (for chanting) without commentary, (a) eNPublishers, Karnataka, India, 2009, ISBN 978-1-60607-063-5, (b) through Nithyananda Vedic Temple, Montclair, CA

Vijnanabhairava or Divine Consciousness: A Treasury of 112 Types of Yoga, by Jaideva Singh, student of Swami Lakshmanjoo, and a Kashmiri Shaivism scholar, Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi, India, 2002 (1st edition 1979), ISBN 978-81-208-0820-1, includes the Sanskrit, a transliteration, a translation, a commentary on the language of the verse, a commentary on the techniques, and a glossary, re-published as The Yoga of Delight, Wonder and Astonishment, by Jaideva Singh, softcover, State University of New York Press, Albany, NY, 1991, ISBN 978-0791410745 or 9780791410749

Vijnanabhairava or Techniques for Entering Liminal Consciousness, by Dmitri Semenov, softcover, Sattarka Publications, 2010, ISBN 978-0-578-06042-2, 198 pgs.

Zen Flesh, Zen Bones: A Collection of Zen and Pre-Zen Writings, by Paul Reps and Nyogen Senzaki, Paul Reps was a student of Swami Lakshmanjoo, softcover, Tuttle Publisher, 1998, ISBN 978-0-8048-3186-4; Anchor Books, 1989, ISBN 9780385081308 ; 1st edition 1957, ISBN 9780804806446 . The Vigyan Bhairav Tantra is titled "Centering" in a section toward the back of the book

References

  1. ^ Paul Reps, Zen Flesh, Zen Bones, A Collection of Zen and Pre-Zen Writings (ISBN 0-8048-0644-6)
  2. ^ Osho, The Book of the Secrets, vols. 1-5, St. Martin's Griffin, 1998, ISBN 0-312-18058-6, ISBN 978-0-312-18058-4
  3. ^ Vijnana Bhairava – The Manual for Self Realization, ed. John Hughes. Contents pp. vii-xi.
  4. ^ "Mutktabodha Institute". Retrieved 2008-02-16. 

External links

  • Muktabodha Online Library - containing many Text of the Kashmir Series of Texts and Studies.
  • Swami Lakshmanjoo, USA
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.