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Villingen

Villingen-Schwenningen

View of Villingen

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Villingen-Schwenningen
Villingen-Schwenningen

Coordinates: 48°03′37″N 08°27′31″E / 48.06028°N 8.45861°E / 48.06028; 8.45861Coordinates: 48°03′37″N 08°27′31″E / 48.06028°N 8.45861°E / 48.06028; 8.45861

Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Freiburg
District Template:Link if exists
Subdivisions 2 Stadtbezirke
Government
 • Mayor Dr. Rupert Kubon (SPD)
Area
 • Total 165.47 km2 (63.89 sq mi)
Elevation 704 m (2,310 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 80,923
 • Density 490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 78001–78056
Dialling codes 07721, 07720, 07425, 07705
Vehicle registration VS
Website www.villingen-schwenningen.de

Villingen-Schwenningen (German pronunciation: [ˈfɪlɪŋən ˈʃvɛnɪŋən]) is a city in the Schwarzwald-Baar district in southern Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It has 80,941 inhabitants (as of 2009).

History


In the Middle Ages Villingen was a town under Austrian lordship. During the Protestant Reformation it remained Catholic. Villingen came to international attention when it was besieged by marshal Tallard in 1704. Colonel Von Wilstorff put up a stout defence of the outdated fortifications, and after six days the siege failed.

Schwenningen remained a village until the 19th century. In 1858 the first watch factory was established, and watchmaking and precision mechanics have been important industries ever since.

As part of the Baden-Württemberg territorial reform of 1972, Villingen and Schwenningen were merged with a number of surrounding villages to form the city of Villingen-Schwenningen. Nevertheless, the two halves of the city are separated by a plateau and remain distinct.

Villingen is a major center of German Carneval celebrations. The traditional Narros represent the old citizens of Villingen: Alt Villingere, Morbili, Hansele, Suribbel.

The town is the birthplace of German footballer Sebastian Rudy, NHL player Dennis Seidenberg, Croatian footballer Robert Prosinečki and Croatian former athlete Ivana Brkljačić whose parents were working in Germany at the time.

Since 1904, Villingen-Schwenningen has also been home to the hockey team the Schwenninger Wild Wings which competes in the Deutsche Eishockey Liga.

Geography

Villingen-Schwenningen lies on the eastern edge of the Black Forest about 700 m (2,300 ft) above sea level. The source of the River Neckar is in Schwenningen (Schwenninger Moos).

Boroughs

  • Villingen
  • Schwenningen
  • Obereschach
  • Weilersbach
  • Weigheim
  • Mühlhausen
  • Marbach
  • Rietheim
  • Pfaffenweiler
  • Herzogenweiler
  • Tannheim

Main sights

  • Town Wall
  • Municipal Art Gallery
  • Franziskaner Museum
  • Schwenningen Clock Museum
  • Minster of Our Lady
  • Theater am Ring
  • Wanne Observation Tower, one of the oldest towers built of iron

International Relations/Sister Cities

References

External links

  • Stadt Villingen-Schwenningen (in German)
  • Villingen-Schwenningen: history & pictures(in German)
  • Ice Hockey Club
  • The siege of Villingen in 1702
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