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Windmill Hill culture

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Title: Windmill Hill culture  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Neolithic Europe, Rössen culture, Windmill Hill, Whitehawk, Windmill Hill, Avebury
Collection: Archaeological Cultures of Western Europe, Stone Age Britain
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Windmill Hill culture

The Windmill Hill culture was a name given to a people inhabiting southern Britain, in particular in the Salisbury Plain area close to Stonehenge, c. 3000 BC. They were an agrarian Neolithic people; their name comes from Windmill Hill, a causewayed camp. Together with another Neolithic tribe from East Anglia, a tribe whose worship involved stone circles, it is thought that they were responsible for the earliest work on the Stonehenge site.

The material record left by these people includes large circular hill-top enclosures, causewayed enclosures, long barrows, leaf-shaped arrowheads and polished stone axes. They raised cattle, sheep, pigs, dogs, grew wheat and mined flints.

Since the term was first coined by archaeologists, further excavation and analysis has indicated that it consisted of several discrete cultures such as the Hembury and the Abingdon cultures; and that "Windmill Hill culture" is too general a term.

External links

  • Stonehenge builders



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