World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Yuyutsu

Article Id: WHEBN0005081121
Reproduction Date:

Title: Yuyutsu  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Kaurava, Kurukshetra War, Drona, Duryodhana, Mahabharata
Collection: Characters in the Mahabharata
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Yuyutsu

Yuyutsu (Sanskrit: युयुत्सु) in the Hindu epic Mahabharata was a son of Dhritrashtra with a Vaishya woman named Sughada.[1] Conceived under the fear that Gandhari couldn't produce any children, he was as old as Duryodhana and the rest of the 99 Kuru brothers and Dushala. Eventually, he was the only son of Dhritarashtra who survived the Kurukshetra war. After the war, he took charge as the King of Indraprastha.

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • Birth 2
  • Righteous in the Kaurava camp 3
  • During Kurukshetra War 4
  • After the War 5
  • Citations 6

Etymology

The word yuyutsu is derived from two Sanskrit words. First word is yu [यु, original word yudh (युध्)] and second word is utsu [उत्सु, original word utsuktā (उत्सुकता)]. yu means 'to fight' and utsu means 'curious'. So by combining these two words, the meaning of the name is 'the one who is curious to fight'. The Mahabharata cites the following other names for Yuyutsu- [2]

  • Dhārtarāstra (धार्तराष्ट्र) - son of Dhritarashtra
  • Kauravya (कौरव्य) - descendant of Kuru
  • Vaishyaputra (वैश्यपुत्र) - son of a Vaishya woman

Birth

Fearing problems with Gandhari's pregnancy which had continued for almost two years, Dhritrashtra had a child from Sughada, a woman from Vaishya Varna, who is lady in waiting to Gandhari. Yuyutsu was born on the same day as Duryodhana and was elder to Dushasana, other Kauravas and Dussala. Thus, contrary to popular perception, Dhritrashtra had 102 children.[3]

Righteous in the Kaurava camp

Yuyutsu is celebrated as a moral warrior who chose the path of righteousness, in spite of being born in circumstances that predisposed him to evil. As Mahabharata was a righteous war, the warriors were given the freedom by both sides to switch to the side they believed was morally correct. Yuyutsu played a major role in the Mahabharatha as an informant among the Kauravas. He assisted the Pandavas by providing critical information about Kauravas' preparation and planning. He also saved the life of Bhima by informing the Pandavas about Duryodhana's cunning schemes, which included poisoning water.[4][5]

Yuyutsu is balanced in the story by Vikarna. Gandhari's third son, Vikarna is equally righteous and similarly disgusted with Duryodhana's behaviour. However, while Yuyutsu decides his dharma is to leave Duryodhana, Vikarna decides that he cannot forsake his brother. The parallel to this in the Ramayana is Vibhishana and Kumbhakarna.

During Kurukshetra War

Before the onset of the battle of Kurukshetra War between Kauravas and Pandavas, Yuyutsu shifts from Kauravas to the Pandava camp. Yuyutsu fought the battle on the side of the Pandavas. He was one among the 11 Maharathis (capable of fighting 720,000 warriors simultaneously) among the Kauravas. Yuyutsu was one among the eleven warriors to have survived the war.[6]

After the War

Prior to the Yadava crisis, Yuyutsu is investigating some strange phenomenon in the city. There, he finds insanity, depravity, and immorality. When he questions the citizens as to how this could happen, he is verbally abused, called a traitor and a kinslayer.

When the Pandavas decided to retire from the world at the start of the Kali Yuga and departure of Krishna, Yudhisthira gave the charge of supervising the kingdom to Yuyutsu while Parikshit was made the king[7][8]


Citations

  1. ^ "Mahabharata Text". 
  2. ^ Parmeshwaranand, Swami (2001). Encyclopaedic dictionary of Purāṇas (1st ed.). New Delhi: Sarup & Sons.  
  3. ^ Kapoor, edited by Subodh (2002). The Indian encyclopaedia : biographical, historical, religious, administrative, ethnological, commercial and scientific (1st ed.). New Delhi: Cosmo Publications.  
  4. ^ Menon, [translated by] Ramesh (2006). The Mahabharata : a modern rendering. New York: iUniverse, Inc.  
  5. ^ "Mahabharata Text". 
  6. ^ Buck, William. Mahabharata. p. 327.  
  7. ^ http://books.google.co.in/books?id=FdIkaccgneAC&pg=PA1424&dq=yuyutsu&hl=en&sa=X&ei=grXDU4_HG8u9uASqlYHIAw&ved=0CB4Q6AEwAQ
  8. ^ Brodbeck, Simon Pearse (2009). The Mahābhārata patriline : gender, culture, and the royal hereditary. Farnham, England: Ashgate.  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.