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Zaqatala (city)

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Title: Zaqatala (city)  
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Subject: Zaqatala District, David Malyan, Tiflis Governorate, List of airports in Azerbaijan, Poles in Azerbaijan
Collection: Populated Places in Zaqatala District, Tiflis Governorate
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Zaqatala (city)

Zaqatala
City & Municipality
Zaqatala is located in Azerbaijan
Zaqatala
Location of Zaqatala
Coordinates:
Country  Azerbaijan
Rayon Zaqatala
Elevation[1] 518 m (1,702 ft)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 31,300
Time zone AZT (UTC+4)
 • Summer (DST) AZT (UTC+5)

Zaqatala (Azerbaijan. With a municipal population of 31,300 inhabitants, it is located northwest of Sheki, by the Tala River and is the main municipality of the Zaqatala rayon. The municipality consists of the city of Zaqatala and the nearby village of Qazangül.[3] The city is populated by variety of ethnic groups, each speaking their own language that is not linguistically related to others in the region.

A plane tree in one of Zaqatala's public parks.

Contents

  • History 1
  • The town 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Transportation 4
    • Air 4.1
  • Climate 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

Initially this territory of modern Zaqatala was a province of Caucasian Albania,. After that, the region was a separate kingdom within Georgian cultural and political influence. During the medieval era what later became known as Saingilo was mostly controlled by the kingdom of Georgia and Shirvan.

In the Middle Ages seven Georgian schools operated in Saingilo which included the courses of theology, philosophy, orthography, church history, and the history of Georgia and for the students. These schools played an essential cultural and educational role. They put a vital contribution in establishing cultural relations among the peoples of the Caucasus.

Zaqatala has several sites of historic significance, most of which are centered on its 19th-century town centre. The main square, formerly called Lenin Square, features a pair of 700-year-old plane trees.

The city's most prominent feature is a ruined fortress, built in the 1830s by occupying Georgian Democratic Republic between 1918 and 1921 before passing to Azerbaijan in March 1922.

In the 20th century the town and its fortress became more famous when the fortress was used as one of the prisons for the mutinous crew of the

External links

  1. ^ "Zaqatala, Azerbaijan Page". Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  2. ^ The State Statistical Committee of the Azerbaijan Republic
  3. ^ "Belediyye Informasiya Sistemi" (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on September 24, 2008. 
  4. ^  
  5. ^ Nicas, Peter. "Azerbaijan Things to See & Do Guide". ProfessionalTravelGuide.com. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  6. ^ Torres Curado, L.M. "Zaqatala (Zakataly)". Azerb.com. Retrieved 2008-01-03. 
  7. ^  
  8. ^
  9. ^ "Zaqatala Airport".  
  10. ^ "Zaqatala beynəlxalq hava limanı yenidən fəaliyyətə başlayıb" (in Azerbaijani). milli.az. Retrieved 22 August 2011. 
  11. ^ "Zagatala Climate Normals 1961–1990".  

References

Climate data for Zakataly
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 5.3
(41.5)
6.3
(43.3)
11.2
(52.2)
18.8
(65.8)
22.2
(72)
26.8
(80.2)
30.5
(86.9)
29.3
(84.7)
25.7
(78.3)
18.8
(65.8)
12.5
(54.5)
7.9
(46.2)
17.9
(64.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.1
(34)
2.3
(36.1)
5.8
(42.4)
12.7
(54.9)
17.0
(62.6)
20.9
(69.6)
24.6
(76.3)
23.7
(74.7)
19.8
(67.6)
13.5
(56.3)
7.9
(46.2)
3.2
(37.8)
12.7
(54.9)
Average low °C (°F) −1.9
(28.6)
−1.1
(30)
2.7
(36.9)
8.0
(46.4)
12.0
(53.6)
16.1
(61)
19.4
(66.9)
18.6
(65.5)
15.0
(59)
9.4
(48.9)
4.6
(40.3)
0.4
(32.7)
8.6
(47.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 35
(1.38)
52
(2.05)
67
(2.64)
78
(3.07)
115
(4.53)
129
(5.08)
64
(2.52)
75
(2.95)
65
(2.56)
106
(4.17)
72
(2.83)
33
(1.3)
891
(35.08)
Average precipitation days 7 8 11 12 13 10 7 7 7 9 8 7 106
Mean monthly sunshine hours 114.3 103.8 130.0 176.7 215.6 261.0 274.8 255.3 220.2 157.8 130.5 110.2 2,150.2
Source: NOAA[11]

Climate

Zaqatala International Airport is the only airport in the city.[9][10] The airport is connected by bus to the city center. There are domestic flights to Baku and international service to Russia and Turkey.

Air

Transportation

Ingiloy inhabit Zaqatala and the surrounding rayon. In addition to the Azeri population, which is the majority here and in most of the rest of Azerbaijan, communities of Dagestani peoples, including the Avars, Tsakhurs, and Lezgins, live in the area.[8]

Demographics

The abandoned Georgian church in Zaqatala.

There are several hotels in both Zaqatala and surrounding villages including Ashaghi Tala and Jar (also spelled Car/Djari), both about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from Zaqatala.

It is served by the A315 road coming from Lagodekhi as well as by a small airfield. North of the town there is an important wildlife and nature preserve. The Caucasus Mountains provide it with natural protection from the north winds. The wooded mountainsides, with frequent waterfalls offer great hiking opportunities. Due to its climate the town became a mountain health resort.

The town

Zagatala fortress

[7].mosque The town now sports a sizable new [6]

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