World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Zvolen county

Article Id: WHEBN0012977219
Reproduction Date:

Title: Zvolen county  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Slovak language, Banská Bystrica District, Banská Štiavnica District, Detva District, Zvolen District, Demographics of the Kingdom of Hungary, Čerín
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Zvolen county

Comitatus Zoliensis
Zólyom County
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
12th century–1920

Coat of arms

Capital Banská Bystrica
48°44′N 19°9′E / 48.733°N 19.150°E / 48.733; 19.150Coordinates: 48°44′N 19°9′E / 48.733°N 19.150°E / 48.733; 19.150

 -  Established 12th century
 -  Treaty of Trianon 4 June 1920
 -  1910 2,634 km2 (1,017 sq mi)
 -  1910 133,700 
Density 50.8 /km2  (131.5 /sq mi)
Today part of Slovakia

Zólyom county (in Latin: comitatus Zoliensis, in Hungarian Zólyom (vár)megye, in Slovak Zvolenský komitát/ Zvolenská stolica/ Zvolenská župa, in German Sohler Gespanschaft/Komitat Sohl) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in central Slovakia.


Zólyom county shared borders with the counties of Bars (Tekov), Turóc (Turiec), Liptó (Liptov), Gömör-Kishont (Gemer-Malohont), Nógrád (Novohrad) and Hont. The county's territory was situated along the central Hron river, approximately between (excluding) Krupina and (including) Brezno. Its area was 2634 km² around 1910. The county was characterised by extensive mining activities.


The capital of the county was the castle of Pustý hrad near Zvolen, then from the late 15th century the Zvolen Castle and from the 1760s the town of Banská Bystrica.


Zvolen county arose as a Hungarian comitatus in the 12th century, when most parts of the territory were conquered by the Kingdom of Hungary, from a huge royal property (the Zvolen dominium). Initially, its territory included Orava, Turiec and Liptov, which became separate counties in the early 14th century.

In the aftermath of World War I, Zólyom county became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia, as recognized by the concerned states in the 1920 Treaty of Trianon. The Zvolen county (Zvolenská župa) continued to exist until 1927, but it had completely different powers etc. and somewhat different borders. When Slovakia became independent temporarily between 1939 and 1945, the Hron county (Pohronská župa) was created in 1940, whose territory roughly corresponded to that of the Zvolen county. The capital was Banská Bystrica.

Together with the Slovak parts of Hont and Gemer, it became part of the Banská Bystrica Region (Banskobystrický kraj) created in 1948. In 1993, Czechoslovakia was split and the Zvolen county became part of Slovakia.



In 1900, the county had a population of 124,420 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]


According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]



In 1910, the county had a population of 133,653 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]


According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]



In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Zólyom/Zvolen county were:

District Capital
Besztercebánya Besztercebánya, SK Banská Bystrica
Breznóbánya Breznóbánya, SK Brezno
Nagyszalatna Nagyszalatna, SK Zvolenská Slatina
Zólyom Zólyom, SK Zvolen
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Besztercebánya, SK Banská Bystrica
Breznóbánya, SK Brezno
Zólyom, SK Zvolen


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.