World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Fakir Mohan Senapati

Article Id: WHEBN0006778718
Reproduction Date:

Title: Fakir Mohan Senapati  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of people from Odisha, Culture of Odisha, Odia literature, Odia language, Odisha Day
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Fakir Mohan Senapati

Fakir Mohan Senapati
Father of Odia Literature
Born (1843-01-13)13 January 1843
Balasore , India
Died 14 June 1918(1918-06-14) (aged 75)
Occupation Novelist ,Short Story Writer, poet, , philosopher, Social Activist
Nationality Indian
Period Nineteenth century

Fakir Mohan Senapati (13 January 1843 - 14 June 1918) born on January 13, 1843, at Mallikashpur in Balasore, played a leading role in establishing the distinct identity of Odia, a language mainly spoken in the Indian state of Odisha. Fakirmohan Senapati is regarded as the father of Odia nationalism and modern Odia literature.[1][2][3] Born to Laxman Charan Senapati and Tulsi Devi Senapati, Fakirmohan dedicated his life to the progress of Odia language in the later 19th and early 20th century. The story of Fakirmohan is indeed the story of the 'Renaissance' of Odia literature. Besides he was a social reformer and educator who used his pen to criticize and correct the aberrations prevalent in the society. He is called the father of Odia fiction. In his native place, school colleges and universities are constructed in his memory.


  • His Work 1
    • Novels 1.1
    • Short Stories 1.2
    • Poem 1.3
    • Family members 1.4
  • Notes 2
  • External links 3

His Work


He is aptly called the Thomas Hardy of Odisha. Though he translated from Sanskrit, wrote poetry, and attempted many forms of literature, he is now known primarily as the father of modern Odia prose fiction. The four novels of Fakirmohan, written between 1897 and 1915, reflect the socio-cultural conditions of Odisha during the eighteenth and the nineteenth centuries. While the three novels, 'Chha maana Atha Guntha', 'Mamu' and 'Prayaschita' explore the realities of social life in its multiple dimensions. 'Lachhama' is a historical romance dealing with the anarchical conditions of Odisha in the wake of Maratha invasions during the eighteenth century. Chha Maana Atha Guntha is the first Indian novel to deal with the exploitations of landless peasants by the feudal Lord. It was written much before the October revolution of Russia or much before the emerging of Marxist ideas in India. Fakir Mohan is also the writer of the first autobiography in Odia, "Atma Jeevan Charita" .

Short Stories

His “Rebati” (1898) is widely recognized as the first Odia short story. “Rebati” is the story of a young innocent girl whose desire for education is placed in the context of a conservative society in a backward Odisha village, which is hit by the killer epidemic cholera. His other stories are “Patent Medicine”, “Daka Munshi”,”Adharma Bitta”, "Randi Pua Ananta"etc. "Randipua Ananta" also a nice creation of him.


He wrote a long poem, Utkala Bhramanam, that first appeared in 1892. Literally meaning Tour of Odisha, this poem, in reality, is not a travelogue but a commentary on the state of affairs in the Odisha of that time, written in a satirical manner.

Family members

Vyasa Kabi Fakir Mohan Senapati played a major role towards the formation of Odisha and the acknowledgement of Odia language during the British period. Vyasa Kabi Fakir Mohan Senapati married Leelavati Devi in the year 1856 when he was only thirteen. She died when he was twenty-nine. In summer 1871, he again married to Krushna Kumari Dei about whom he says, It seemed as if God had sent me Krushna Kumari to relieve me of all my miseries and bring me happiness and prosperity. Krushna Kumari died in 1894 leaving behind a son and a daughter. His son's name was Moini Mohan Senapati.


Buy Books online

  1. ^ 61(9):Odisha ReviewMohapatra, Prabhu Kalyan (April 2005) "Fakir Mohan : Father of Modern Odia Literature"
  2. ^ "Oriya – The Language of the Kalingas" BhashaIndia
  3. ^ , newspaper IndiaThe HinduMohapatra, Himansu S. (6 November 2005) "Literary Review: Against insularity in literature and criticism"
  4. ^ History of Odia Literature(New Delhi:Sahitya Akademi,1962,181)

External links

  • Chha Mana Atha Guntha download at
  • Galpa Swalpa by Fakir Mohan Senapati - 20 Odia Short Stories download at
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.