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Mutsu Province

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Title: Mutsu Province  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Date clan, Hamadōri, Modern system of ranked Shinto shrines, Abe clan, Former Nine Years War
Collection: Former Provinces of Japan, Iwashiro Province, Rikuchu Province
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Mutsu Province

Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Mutsu Province highlighted

Mutsu Province (陸奥国 Mutsu no kuni) was an old province of Japan in the area of Fukushima, Miyagi, Iwate and Aomori Prefectures and the municipalities of Kazuno and Kosaka in Akita Prefecture.

Mutsu Province is also known as Ōshū (奥州) or Michinoku (陸奥 or 道奥). The term Ōu (奥羽) is often used to refer to the combined area of Mutsu and the neighboring province Dewa which make up the Tōhoku region.


  • History 1
    • Invasion by the Kinai government 1.1
    • Prosperity of Hiraizumi 1.2
    • Sengoku period 1.3
    • After the Boshin War 1.4
  • Districts 2
    • Under Ritsuryō 2.1
    • Under Meiji Era 2.2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


Mutsu Province from 7c. to 712
Mutsu Province 718 for several years
Mutsu Province from 1185 to 1868

Invasion by the Kinai government

Mutsu, on northern Honshū, was one of the last provinces to be formed as land was taken from the indigenous Emishi and became the largest as it expanded northward. The ancient capital of the Kinai government was Tagajō in present-day Miyagi Prefecture.

Prosperity of Hiraizumi

During the 12th century, the Ōshū Fujiwara clan settled at Hiraizumi. It was the second largest city in the 12th century Japan. The legacy of the Ōshū Fujiwara clan remains as the Chūson-ji, Mōtsū-ji in Hiraizumi, the Shiramizu Amidadō in the base of the Iwaki clan.

Sengoku period

During the Sengoku Period, clans ruled parts of the province.

After the Boshin War

Rikuō (Mutsu) Province from 1869 to 1871

As the result of the Boshin War, the Mutsu Province was divided by the Meiji government on 19 January 1869. In this division, five provinces (Iwaki, Iwashiro, Rikuzen, Rikuchū, and Mutsu) were established. The Meiji Mutsu Province was a region in the northernmost part of the main island that corresponds to today's Aomori Prefecture.

At the same time, while the characters of the name were unchanged, the official reading was changed to the on'yomi version Rikuō.[3]


Under Ritsuryō

Under Meiji Era

See also


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Mutsu" in , p. 676Japan Encyclopedia, p. 676, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Titsingh, p. 119., p. 119, at Google Books
  3. ^ 地名「三陸地方」の起源に関する地理学的ならびに社会学的問題 PDF岩手大学教育学部)


External links

  • Murdoch's map of provinces, 1903
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