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World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 1990 ; Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 1990, 65Th Year, Pages 213-220, (N.C.B. Section, 28): Weekly Epidemiological Record Releve Epidemiologique Hebdomadaire

By World Health Organization

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Book Id: WPLBN0000207637
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Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 1990 ; Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 1990, 65Th Year, Pages 213-220, (N.C.B. Section, 28): Weekly Epidemiological Record Releve Epidemiologique Hebdomadaire  
Author: World Health Organization
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
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Publisher: World Health Organization

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Organization, W. H. (n.d.). World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 1990 ; Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 1990, 65Th Year, Pages 213-220, (N.C.B. Section, 28). Retrieved from http://ebook2.worldlibrary.net/


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Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
YELLOW FEVER IN 1988 In 1988, as in 1987 and 1986, Africa and South America reported large numbers of yellow fever (YF) cases (2 058 cases, 1709 deaths, case-fatality rate [CFR] 83.0%). This was highlighted by a major outbreak in Nigeria, which probably represented the continuation of an epidemic starting in 1986. Additionally in 1988, there was an increase in the number of sporadic cases in endemic zones in South America, with the malority reported from Peru. S e ~ ~ acueto matique de repons8 par telex Telex 415768 Genhve SUVI de ZCZC et FRAN pour une reponse en franqa~s The 3-year period 1986-1988 represented an exuaordinarily active period of YF. '1 The worldwide total of 5 395 cases and 3 172 deaths (CFR 58.8%) represents the greatest amount of YF actlviry reported to WHO for any 3-year period since reporting began in 1948 (Fig. 1). Of this 3-year total, the number of reported cases in Africa was 4772, with 2470 deaths (CFR 51,8%), This represents the largest number of African cases in any 3-year per~od slnce 1948. The 629 cases and 540 deaths (CFR 85.9%) officially reported from South America represent the highest number reported during any 3-year period since 1952. Ironically, 1988 marked the fifrieth anniversary of h e development of the live-arrenuated YF vaccine. There has now been a safe and efficac~ousY F vaccine since 1937-1938. The distribution of YF cases and deaths in Africa and South America, as notified to WHO from Member States, 1s shown in Table 1 and Map 1.

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