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Knowledge Sharing : A Review of the Literature

By Cummings, Jeffrey

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Book Id: WPLBN0000218034
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 1.1 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: Knowledge Sharing : A Review of the Literature  
Author: Cummings, Jeffrey
Language: English
Subject: Economics, Finance & business, World Bank.
Collections: Economics Publications Collection
Publication Date:
Publisher: The World Bank


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Cummings, J. (n.d.). Knowledge Sharing : A Review of the Literature. Retrieved from


Relationship distance refers to the duration and quality of the experience that the source and recipient have working together. Research has identified several relationship-related factors that can affect knowledge-sharing success. For example, in their examination of knowledge transfer from a population-level perspective, Baum & Berta (1999) found that organizations seek to imitate the routines of other organizations that have high status, are socially proximate, and are strategically similar. These findings stem in large part from the fact that organizations tend to maintain the direction and emphasis of prior actions (Amburgey & Miner, 1992; Miller & Friesen, 1980). In a study of knowledge transfer in international joint ventures, Child & Rodrigues (1996) found that knowledge transfer is facilitated when the parties hold similar social identities. In their work on cognitive strategic groups, Peteraf & Shanley (1997) found that managers identify with managers in competing firms who are socially similar. Thus, one aspect of relationship distance is the degree of similarity of social identities of the members of the units involved in the transfer. The research suggests that as the social similarity of the parties? increases, so will their ease of communications, and this will allow for greater transfer success.


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