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Supreme Court of the United States

By Government Printing Office

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Book Id: WPLBN0000225284
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.9 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: Supreme Court of the United States  
Author: Government Printing Office
Language: English
Subject: Government publications, Legislation., Economic & political studies
Collections: Government Library Collection, Government Printing Office
Publication Date:
Publisher: Government Printing Office


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Office, G. P. (n.d.). Supreme Court of the United States. Retrieved from

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Petitioners Gratz and Hamacher, both of whom are Michigan residents and Caucasian, applied for admission to the University of Michigan’s (University) College of Literature, Science, and the Arts (LSA) in 1995 and 1997, respectively. Although the LSA considered Gratz to be well qualified and Hamacher to be within the qualified range, both were denied early admission and were ultimately denied admission. In order to promote consistency in the review of the many applications received, the University’s Office of Undergraduate Admissions (OUA) uses written guidelines for each academic year. The guide-lines have changed a number of times during the period relevant to this litigation. The OUA considers a number of factors in making admissions decisions, including high school grades, standardized test scores, high school quality, curriculum strength, geography, alumni relationships, leadership, and race. During all relevant periods, the University has considered African-Americans, Hispanics, and Native Americans to be “underrepresented minorities,” and it is undisputed that the University admits virtually every qualified applicant from these groups. The current guidelines use a selection method under which every applicant from an underrepresented racial or ethnic mi-nority group is automatically awarded 20 points of the 100 needed to guarantee admission.

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