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Plos One : Influence of Emotionally Charged Information on Category-based Induction, Volume 7

By Sinigaglia, Corrado

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Book Id: WPLBN0003939510
Format Type: PDF eBook :
File Size:
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos One : Influence of Emotionally Charged Information on Category-based Induction, Volume 7  
Author: Sinigaglia, Corrado
Volume: Volume 7
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Medical Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary)
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Plos

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Sinigaglia, C. (n.d.). Plos One : Influence of Emotionally Charged Information on Category-based Induction, Volume 7. Retrieved from http://ebook2.worldlibrary.net/


Description
Description : Categories help us make predictions, or inductions, about new objects. However, we cannot always be certain that a novel object belongs to the category we are using to make predictions. In such cases, people should use multiple categories to make inductions. Past research finds that people often use only the most likely category to make inductions, even if it is not certain. In two experiments, subjects read stories and answered questions about items whose categorization was uncertain. In Experiment 1, the less likely category was either emotionally neutral or dangerous (emotionally charged or likely to pose a threat). Subjects used multiple categories in induction when one of the categories was dangerous but not when they were all neutral. In Experiment 2, the most likely category was dangerous. Here, people used multiple categories, but there was also an effect of avoidance, in which people denied that dangerous categories were the most likely. The attention-grabbing power of dangerous categories may be balanced by a higher-level strategy to reject them.

 

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