World Library  

Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Review Article: Potential Geomorphic Consequences of a Future Great (MW = 8.0+) Alpine Fault Earthquake, South Island, New Zealand : Volume 13, Issue 9 (23/09/2013)

By Robinson, T. R.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0004018217
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 21
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Review Article: Potential Geomorphic Consequences of a Future Great (MW = 8.0+) Alpine Fault Earthquake, South Island, New Zealand : Volume 13, Issue 9 (23/09/2013)  
Author: Robinson, T. R.
Volume: Vol. 13, Issue 9
Language: English
Subject: Science, Natural, Hazards
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


APA MLA Chicago

H. Davie, T. R., & Robinson, T. R. (2013). Review Article: Potential Geomorphic Consequences of a Future Great (MW = 8.0+) Alpine Fault Earthquake, South Island, New Zealand : Volume 13, Issue 9 (23/09/2013). Retrieved from

Description: Department of Geological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand. The Alpine Fault in New Zealand's South Island has not sustained a large magnitude earthquake since ca. AD 1717. The time since this rupture is close to the average inferred recurrence interval of the fault (~300 yr). The Alpine Fault is therefore expected to generate a large magnitude earthquake in the near future. Previous ruptures of this fault are inferred to have generated Mw = 8.0 or greater earthquakes and to have resulted in, amongst other geomorphic hazards, large-scale landslides and landslide dams throughout the Southern Alps. There is currently 85% probability that the Alpine Fault will cause a Mw = 8.0+ earthquake within the next 100 yr. While the seismic hazard is fairly well understood, that of the consequential geomorphic activity is less well studied, and these consequences are explored herein. They are expected to include landsliding, landslide damming, dam-break flooding, debris flows, river aggradation, liquefaction, and landslide-generated lake/fiord tsunami. Using evidence from previous events within New Zealand as well as analogous international examples, we develop first-order estimates of the likely magnitude and possible locations of the geomorphic effects associated with earthquakes. Landsliding is expected to affect an area > 30 000 km2 and involve > 1billion m3 of material. Some tens of landslide dams are expected to occur in narrow, steep-sided gorges in the affected region. Debris flows will be generated in the first long-duration rainfall after the earthquake and will continue to occur for several years as rainfall (re)mobilises landslide material. In total more than 1000 debris flows are likely to be generated at some time after the earthquake. Aggradation of up to 3 m will cover an area > 125 km2 and is likely to occur on many West Coast alluvial fans and floodplains. The impact of these effects will be felt across the entire South Island and is likely to continue for several decades.

Review Article: Potential geomorphic consequences of a future great (Mw = 8.0+) Alpine Fault earthquake, South Island, New Zealand

Coulter, R. F.: Tectonic Geomorphology and Seismic Hazard of the Mt Fyffe section of the Hope fault, MSc. Thesis, University of Canterbury, 2007.; Adams, J.: Contemporary uplift and erosion of the Southern Alps, New Zealand: Summary, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 91, 2–4, 1980a.; Adams, J.: Paleoseismicity of the Alpine fault seismic gap, New Zealand, Geology, 8, 72–76, 1980b.; Adams, J.: Earthquake-dammed lakes in New Zealand, Geology, 9, 215–219, 1981.; Anderson, H., Beanland, S., Blick, G., Darby, D., Downes, G., Haines, J., Jackson, J., Robinson, R., and Webb, T.: The 1968 May 23 Inangahua, New Zealand, earthquake: an integrated geological, geodetic, and seismological source model, New Zeal. J. Geol. Geop., 37, 59–86, 1994.; Beavan, J., Moore, M., and Pearson, C.: Crustal deformation during 1994–1998 due to oblique continental collision in the central Southern Alps, New Zealand, and implications for seismic potential of the Alpine fault, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 233–255, 1999.; Beavan, J., Samsonov, S., Denys, P., Sutherland, R., Palmer, N., and Denham, M.: Oblique slip on the Puysegur subduction interface in the 2009 July MW 7.8 Dusky Sound earthquake from GPS and InSAR observations: implications for the tectonics of southwestern New Zealand, Geophys. J. Int., 183, 1265–1286, 2010a.; Beavan, J., Denys, P., Denham, M., Hager, B., Herring, T., and Molnar, P.: Distribution of present-day vertical deformation across the Southern Alps, New Zealand, from 10 years of GPS data, Geophys. Res. Lett. 37, 7–11, 2010b.; Beavan, J., Fielding, E., Motagh, M., Samsonov, S., and Donnelly, N.: Fault Location and Slip Distribution of the 22 February 2011 Mw 6.2 Christchurch, New Zealand, Earthquake from Geodetic Data, Seismol. Res. Lett., 82, 789–799, doi:10.1785/gssrl.82.6.789, 2011.; Becker, J. S., Johnston, D. M., Paton, D., Hancox, G. T., Davies, T. R. H., McSaveney, M. J., and Manville, V. R.: Response to Landslide Dam Failure Emergencies: Issues Resulting from the October 1999 Mount Adams Landslide and Dam-Break Flood in the Poerua River, Westland, New Zealand, Nat. Hazards, 8, 35–42, doi:10.1061/(ASCE)1527-6988(2007)8:2(35), 2007.; Berril, J. B., Mulqueen, P. C., and Ooi, E. T. C.: Liquefaction of Kaiapoi in the 1901 Cheviot, New Zealand, earthquake, Bulletin of the New Zealand National Society of Earthquake Engineering, 27, 178–189, 1994.; Berryman, K. and Villamor, P.: Surface rupture of the Poulter Fault in the 1929 March 9 Arthur's Pass earthquake, and redefinition of the Kakapo Fault, New Zealand, New Zeal. J. Geol. Geop., 47, 341–351, 2004.; Berryman, K., Beanland, S., Cooper, A. F., Cutten, H. N., Norris, R. J., and Wood, P. R.: The Alpine Fault, New Zealand: variation in Quaternary tectonic style and geomorphic expression, Annales Tectonicae, VI, 126–163, 1992.; Costa, J. E. and Schuster, R. L.: Documented Historical Landslide Dams from Around the World: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 91-239, 490 pp., 1991.; Berryman, K., Alloway, B. S., Almond, P., Barrell, D., Duncan, R. P., McSaveney, M. J., Read, S., and Tonkin, P.: Alpine fault rupture and landscape evolution in Westland, New Zealand, in: Proceedings 5th International Conference of Geomorphology, Tokyo, 2001.; Berryman, K., Cooper, A. F., Norris, R. J., Villamor, P., Sutherland, R., Wright, T., Schermer, E., Langridge, R., and Biasi, G.: Late Holocene Rupture History of the Alpine Fault in South Westland, New Zealand, B. Seismol. Soc. Am., 102, 620–638, 2012.; Bhattacharya, S., Hyodo, M., Goda, K., Tazoh, T., and Taylor, C. A.: Liquefaction of soil in the Tokyo Bay area from the 2011 Tohoku (Japan) earthquake, Soil Dyn. Earthq. Eng., 31, 1618–1628, 2011.; Bouchon, M. and Vallée, M.: Observation of Long Supershear Rupture During the Magnitude 8.1 Kunlunshan Earthquake, Science, 301, 824–82


Click To View

Additional Books

  • Verification of Operational Quantitative... (by )
  • Webgis as Boundary Tools Between Scienti... (by )
  • Corrigendum to a Probabilistic Assessmen... (by )
  • Combined Rock Slope Stability and Shallo... (by )
  • Numerical Modeling and Analysis of the E... (by )
  • Vulnerability Assessment of Central-east... (by )
  • A Precursory Ulf Signature for the Chi-c... (by )
  • Analysis of Warm Season Thunderstorms Us... (by )
  • Perception of Flood and Landslide Risk i... (by )
  • Future Water Availability in Selected Eu... (by )
  • Hydrometeorological Multi-model Ensemble... (by )
  • Performance of Coastal Sea-defense Infra... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.